Moscow Deploys Disinformation Against Ukraine – OpEd

Lies are one thing; disinformation quite another, as the late Nathalie Grant warned decades ago. The first can muddy the waters but are typically quickly exposed by anyone who examines them. They have a far greater and long lasting influence because the lies are wrapped in facts.

Indeed, one could say that the flood of lies is nothing but a means to make disinformation more effective because those who recognize these falsehoods may deceive themselves when it comes to more carefully constructed narratives of disinformation which are accepted because so many parts of them are true.

Consequently, identifying such disinformation and carefully sifting the lies it contains that are surrounded by facts is a far more important but also far more difficult task than simply unmasking lies. The latter may make those who do it feel better; but only the former can protest us against those who deploy disinformation skillfully.

That makes a new article by US-based Russian journalist Kseniya Kirillova especially important. Indeed, in many ways, it is a model of the challenge the world faces in dealing with Russian disinformation and the care that needs to be exercised in exposing and thus countering it (ru.krymr.com/a/28334404.html).

Last week, she notes, the Ukrainian media was filled with stories that Ukrainian defense plants were selling military equipment to Russia. The reports cited the conclusions of the distinguished Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) and even appeared plausible given that Ukrainian plants had supplied Russian ones before 2014.

Such stories have two target audiences: Ukrainians who might conclude that their elites were betraying them and their country out of greed, and Europeans who might conclude that there was no reason to defend Ukraine or maintain sanctions on Russia for its invasion if the Ukrainians weren’t willing to prevent such sales.

But the stories, however plausible and apparently fact-based they appeared to be, were entirely false. Indeed, as experts at the Kyiv Center for Research on the Army, Conversion and Disarmament point out, those behind this disinformation did not report accurately even about what SIPRI did say.

Mikhail Samus, deputy head of the center, notes that “it is important to understand that SIPRI did not publish precisely the information” these stories contained. Instead, the stories were based on its own collective summaries of materials rather than on the actual evidence the Stockholm institute gathered.

For journalists who choose to rely on the summaries rather than on the report itself, the stories placed in the Ukrainian media appear accurate, whereas those who examine the SIPRI study will see that such conclusions are not only inaccurate but designed to hide what SIPRI did highlight in its latest report: Russian arms shipments to its forces in the Donbass and Crimea.

And one Ukrainian journalist, Aleksandr Demchenko, adds that the way in which SIPRI presented the data it has on Ukrainian arms sales further confused the situation. The Swedish center based its findings not on data from the last year but rather for a five-year-period, from 2012 to 2016, which includes a time when Ukrainian firms did supply Russian ones.

Moscow is only too pleased to use such “inaccuracies” to discredit Ukraine in Europe and to hide its own illegal supply of weapons to its own forces and clients in the Donbass and to Russian-occupied Crimea. By pushing the inaccurate story of Ukrainian arms sales at the same time and with the same sources, Moscow at least in part has achieved its goals.

Exposing this kind of thing, as Kirillova has done here, is far more difficult and time-consuming that simply pointing to lies, but it is also far more important. And as she notes, “this isn’t the first such case” since Russia invaded Ukraine; and it certainly won’t be the last either there or elsewhere.


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Paul Goble

Paul Goble

Paul Goble is a longtime specialist on ethnic and religious questions in Eurasia. Most recently, he was director of research and publications at the Azerbaijan Diplomatic Academy. Earlier, he served as vice dean for the social sciences and humanities at Audentes University in Tallinn and a senior research associate at the EuroCollege of the University of Tartu in Estonia. He has served in various capacities in the U.S. State Department, the Central Intelligence Agency and the International Broadcasting Bureau as well as at the Voice of America and Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty and at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. Mr. Goble maintains the Window on Eurasia blog and can be contacted directly at [email protected] .

3 thoughts on “Moscow Deploys Disinformation Against Ukraine – OpEd

  • March 1, 2017 at 11:48 am
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    I read the title and said this has to be another article by Paul. And I was right.Paul you are more anti Russian then John McCainiac. The U.S. needs friendly relations with Russia for it’s own good.

    Reply
  • March 1, 2017 at 3:23 pm
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    Goble’s piece is another bit of nonsense by a certified cold war Russophobe. Always important to hear what he says, before deconstructing and dismissing it, if it holds no water. This one is bone dry.

    Reply
  • March 1, 2017 at 3:50 pm
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    WELL I SEEN UKRANIANS SELL TANKS TO UKRANIANS AKA SOVIETS,WHAT YOU MUST REMMEMBER IS YOU ARE NOT GOSPEL NOT CREDITED ENOUGH TO SUBSTANTIATE FACTS OTHER THAN CONCEAL THE ABSOLUTE UNSOLICITED CAMPAIGN OF CAVEAT FACISM IN YE CIA/NAZI STARS N STRIPES TO PLEASE THE 4TH REIGHS AGENDA TO DISCREDIT INNOCENT HUMAN BEINGS,PERSONALLY I AM OFFENDED WHEN SUCH IGNORANCE IS ATTEMPTED TO BRING THE WORLD IN A MORE STATE OF ANXIETY WITH SUCH DISINFORMATIONS RIGHT OR WRONG ALBIET DECIEVING TOWARDS HUMANITY!

    THE WORLD HAS WISENED UP NOW FOR THE BETTER,THE EVER DECREASING POWER OF THE LIES WITHIN THE LIES NOW MUST COME TO PASS AS THEY WHOM RESPONSABLE FOR DECLARING WAR ON INNOCENT FAMILYS MUST TAKE ACCOUNT FOR THEIR ACTIONS

    NO EXCEPTIONS!
    TAKE IT LIKE A GRAIN OF SALT,BUT WHEN YE BUBBLE BURSTS DON’T BLAME GODS!

    Reply

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