The Executive Board of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) on Thursday completed the third review of the arrangement under the Extended Credit Facility (ECF) for Afghanistan. The completion enables the release of SDR 4.5 million (about US$6.4 million), bringing total disbursements under the arrangement to SDR 18 million (about US$25.5 million).
The Executive Board’s decision was taken on a lapse-of-time basis. The ECF arrangement for SDR 32.38 million was approved on July 20, 2016.
In completing the review, the Executive Board also approved the authorities’ request for modification of three performance criteria: on domestic revenues, net international reserves, and net credit to government reflecting updates to the macroeconomic framework.
Program implementation through end-December 2017 was satisfactory, despite the challenging security situation and mounting political risks. All quantitative performance criteria and eight of the nine structural benchmarks were met. The end-April 2018 benchmark related to asset declarations by public officials was implemented with a short delay.
Despite the approval of funds, the IMF noted that violence remains significant in Afghanistan and political uncertainty has risen with coming parliamentary (October 2018) and presidential (April 2019) elections, thus undermining confidence and growth. In 2017, real GDP growth is estimated at 2.5 percent, roughly unchanged from 2016. For 2018, GDP growth is projected at 2.5 percent owing to the continued difficult security environment affecting private sector confidence and a relatively dry winter which mars agricultural prospects. Inflation is forecast at 5 percent on average in 2018, the same as in 2017.
The authorities’ strong ownership remains critical to the success of the program, especially in the context of continued security challenges and political uncertainty, the IMF said. Reforms in support of fiscal sustainability, institution building, anti-corruption efforts, and financial stability should continue. In this challenging environment, the sustained backing of donors, together with the reform commitment of the authorities, remains vital.
The IMF said it is committed to helping the government as it builds a more vibrant and inclusive economy for all Afghans.
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