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How Concerned Should China Be About Brexit? – Analysis

Location of China. Source: CIA World Factbook.Location of China. Source: CIA World Factbook.

At first glance, the unexpected referendum result on Brexit—the UK’s exit from the EU—appears to be bad news for China’s interests in both the UK and EU. British Prime Minister David Cameron’s decision to resign following the loss of the “Remain” vote in the referendum puts into question the multibillion dollar Sino-UK cooperation agreements signed during Chinese President Xi Jinping’s state visit to the UK last year, in particular the Hinkley Point nuclear project, whose lead developer Électricité de France is considering withdrawing from due to the project’s escalating costs.

Now, with the coming loss of political support from Prime Minister Cameron, opposition against China’s nuclear investment, especially from the security lobby, could be strengthened. This could endanger China’s strategic plan to use Hinkley Point as a showpiece project that would lead to further nuclear projects in the UK and Europe.1 Likewise, China’s carefully cultivated relations with other EU member-states could come undone following Brexit, with the emboldened leaders of the European far-right, including Marine Le Pen of France and Geert Wilders of the Netherlands, issuing calls for referendums across Europe on exits from the EU.2

Approvingly citing the Maoist aphorism “There is great disorder under Heaven; the situation is excellent,” the Slovenian political theorist Slavoj Žižek notes that Brexit presents a “chance to be fully exploited.”3 While Žižek was hoping but not hopeful that this unprecedented political opening would be seized by the Western Left, China is one of the Great Powers that could make good use of the unexpected opportunities created by the political and economic upheaval caused by Brexit. During the recent Shangri-La Dialogue, for example, France raised the prospect of EU intervention in the South China Sea dispute, with the French Defence Minister recommending joint EU naval patrols in the South China Sea to defend freedom of navigation.4 However, now with the sudden political threat of Frexit and other member-state exits from the EU—not to mention the economic threat of global recession—the chances of the EU nations investing in such expensive naval patrols have considerably decreased, giving China additional breathing room to maneuver in the South China Sea.5

Another strategic opportunity for China arising from Brexit concerns President Xi’s “Belt and Road” initiative, and in particular, the use of “Belt and Road” projects as a means of exporting China’s industrial overcapacity. One of the primary factors behind the strong “Leave” vote in the Brexit referendum and the rise of the European far-right has been the unequal distribution of the fruits of globalization within the affected economies. While the most visible social consequence of globalization has been the emergence of a class of wealthy elites circulating between their residences in global capitals like London, New York, and Singapore, globalization has also created an underclass of unemployed and underemployed citizens who have not been able to adjust to the loss of Western industrial jobs to the cheaper manufacturing hubs of China and Southeast Asia, or the more recent offshoring of Western service jobs to rising global IT hubs like Mumbai. As Jonathan Freedland writes of the “losers” of globalization who voted for Brexit:

“Leavers were to be found—though not exclusively—among those who are poor, either out of work or in what are universally derided as ‘crap jobs’: answering the phones in call-centers or stacking shelves in warehouses, on insecure ‘zero-hours’ contracts without benefits. They live in towns, rather than more cosmopolitan cities, often in the shadow of shuttered factories or closed mines, in places that are rundown, if not outright derelict. This is the England that has been left behind, a match for those parts of the American rust-belt that have rallied to Trump.”6

Indeed, American economists recently confirmed that China’s accession to the World Trade Organization in 2001 was a key moment in globalization that led to the loss of over 1 million and perhaps even over 2 million manufacturing jobs in the US, in particular in sectors like “apparel, leather goods, plastic plumbing fixtures and surgical and medical equipment” where US-based manufacturers were unable to compete with the influx of cheaper Chinese imports.7 This will be an important issue in November’s US general elections, when America’s “losers” of globalization are widely expected to turn out in large numbers to vote for the populist Republican presidential candidate Donald Trump.8

The populist anger felt in the UK and across the EU that was in part caused by the loss of manufacturing jobs through globalization hence creates an opening for China’s European “Belt and Road” investments. Apart from the usual infrastructure megaprojects, “Belt and Road” investments also come in the form of the establishment of industrial zones, as well as investments in heavy industry. In Malaysia, for example, China has invested almost 3 billion USD in heavy industry in the East Coast Economic Region, a special economic zone that has been twinned with an industrial park in Qinzhou, China.9 In Central and Eastern Europe, the Great Stone Industrial Park is a key site of economic cooperation between China and Belarus, while Chinese investments in heavy industry and industrial parks were among the highlights of President Xi’s recent state visits to the Czech Republic, Serbia, and Poland.10 Indeed, China has even set up industrial parks in the US, with a prominent example being the network of Chinese factories in South Carolina that was started almost two decades ago by the Chinese consumer appliance manufacturer Haier’s establishment of a refrigerator factory.11 A concerted effort by China to establish industrial parks and to invest in heavy industry in the UK, Europe, and the US could meet the popular demand in the West for the return of manufacturing jobs, generate popular goodwill for China, and help reduce industrial overcapacity in the Chinese economy.

However, China has to take care to ensure that its investments do not trigger Sinophobia, especially given how the Brexit vote in the UK, the rise of the far-right in Europe, and Donald Trump’s presidential campaign in the US have all been accompanied with nationalistic xenophobia, which has been stoked by the social and economic pressures of the European refugee crisis. Given that this refugee crisis has been fed by the civil war in Syria and the insecure borders of Libya, the events of Brexit, the looming disintegration of the EU, and the possibility of a Trump presidency in the US—all of which can be expected to shatter establishment politics in the West—may all be considered to be stages of an epic event of blowback from ill-considered Western intervention in Libya and Syria. US-led Western intervention in Libya, which culminated with the assassination of Muammar Gaddafi in 2011, created a situation of political instability and intensified jihadist insurgencies in Libya and West Africa, and these in turn have transformed Libya into a major gateway to the Mediterranean for a flood of African migrants hoping to establish better lives in Europe. Likewise, US-led Western intervention on behalf of rebel forces in the Syrian civil war has intensified the conflict and triggered massive refugee flows into Europe.12

Western xenophobia against the refugees, which currently manifests as Islamophobia, could easily transform into Sinophobia, especially given the negative messaging about China in the powerful Western media. Recent examples in the Western media include stories about China’s detained human rights activists,13 the Yulin dog meat festival,14 China’s activities in contested areas like Africa and the South China Sea,15 the bad behaviour of Chinese tourists,16 and the vulgar spending habits of China’s nouveaux riches in Vancouver.17 The Western media may even see it as its responsibility to challenge Chinese news reports. A recent example is the Wall Street Journal’s deflation of claims published in the Chinese news media about global support for China in the South China Sea dispute.18 To reduce the potentially serious risk to its investments in the West of media-driven Sinophobia, China will have to develop media strategies that are far more sophisticated than they currently are. Recent Chinese investment in Hollywood movie productions is a step towards strengthening Chinese soft power in the West, but more still needs to be done.19

In the meantime, “acquisition oriented” Chinese investors are taking advantage of the post-Brexit plunge in the value of the Pound Sterling to look for bargains in the UK’s property and business sectors.20 While China’s economic planners worry about the possible impacts of Brexit on China’s trade with the EU—China’s second-largest trading partner—as well as the possible impacts of Brexit on the proposed Sino-EU free trade and investment agreements, the People’s Bank of China and China’s Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank have declared themselves ready to work with other central banks, the World Bank, and the International Monetary Fund to help regulate global financial flows and “smooth out any volatility and uncertainties” following the massive shock to global financial markets arising from the Brexit vote.21

References:
Adams, Christopher. “China seeks to build chain of UK nuclear plants.” Financial Times, October 22, 2015. Accessed June 26, 2016. https://next.ft.com/content/8fa43dd2-77e4-11e5-933d-efcdc3c11c89.

Archdeacon, Olivia. “China adds Nigeria to its African Empire.” CapX, April 14, 2016. Accessed June 26, 2016. http://capx.co/nigeria-becomes-the-second-nation-in-chinas-african-empire/.

Bell, Rudolph. “How a Greenville man has brought 2,200 new jobs from China.” Greenville Online, June 6, 2016. Accessed June 26, 2016. http://www.greenvilleonline.com/story/money/business/2016/06/06/greenville-resident-specializes-recruiting-jobs-china/85321968/.

Black, Tim. “Syria Truce: Western Intervention Eats Itself.” Spiked Online, February 23, 2016. Accessed June 26, 2016. http://www.spiked-online.com/newsite/article/syria-truce-western-intervention-eats-itself/.

“Brexit a possible golden opportunity for China, say analysts.” AFP, June 24, 2016. Accessed June 26, 2016. http://www.straitstimes.com/asia/east-asia/brexit-a-possible-golden-opportunity-for-china-say-analysts.

“Brexit: David Cameron to quit after UK votes to leave EU.” BBC News, June 24, 2016. Accessed June 26, 2016. http://www.bbc.com/news/uk-politics-36615028.

Bruk, Diana. “Check Out the Insanely Lavish Lives of the Rich Kids of China.” Cosmopolitan, April 14, 2016. Accessed June 26, 2016. http://www.cosmopolitan.com/lifestyle/a56901/rich-chinese-kids-vancouver-sports-cars-instagram/.

Craw, Victoria. “Marine and Marion Le Pen call for referendum in France on European Union membership.” News.com.au, June 24, 2016. Accessed June 26, 2016. http://www.news.com.au/world/europe/marine-and-marion-le-pen-call-for-referendum-in-france-on-european-union-membership/news-story/068da59bad58f7707d9d4bf9b034cd5e.

Escobar, Pepe. “Why the UK Said Bye Bye to the EU.” Sputnik, June 24, 2016. Accessed June 26, 2016. http://sputniknews.com/columnists/20160624/1041883503/eu-nrexit-escobar.html.

Freedland, Jonathan. “From Brexit to Trump?” New York Review of Books, June 25, 2016. Accessed June 26, 2016. http://www.nybooks.com/daily/2016/06/25/from-brexit-to-trump/.

Gosselin, Peter, and Dorning, Mike. “After Doubts, Economists Find China Kills U.S. Factory Jobs.” Bloomberg, June 19, 2015. Accessed June 26, 2016. http://www.bloomberg.com/politics/articles/2015-06-18/after-doubting-economists-find-china-killing-u-s-factory-jobs.

Hirsh, Michael. “Why Trump and Sanders Were Inevitable.” POLITICO Magazine, February 28, 2016. Accessed June 26, 2016. http://www.politico.com/magazine/story/2016/02/why-donald-trump-and-bernie-sanders-were-inevitable-213685.

Kuperman, Alan J. “Obama’s Libya Debacle.” Foreign Affairs, March/April 2015. Accessed June 26, 2016. https://www.foreignaffairs.com/articles/libya/obamas-libya-debacle.

Lichfield, John. “Brexit could lead to ‘domino effect’ in Europe as far-right celebrates referendum result.” The Independent, June 25, 2016. Accessed June 26, 2016. http://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/europe/brexit-could-lead-to-domino-effect-in-europe-as-far-right-celebrates-referendum-result-a7101391.html.

Lim, Alvin Cheng-Hin. “A New Type of International Relations: Xi Jinping’s 2015 State Visits to UK, Vietnam and Singapore.” Eurasia Review, November 9, 2015. Accessed June 26, 2016. http://www.eurasiareview.com/09112015-a-new-type-of-international-relations-xi-jinpings-2015-state-visits-to-uk-vietnam-and-singapore-analysis/.

Lim, Alvin Cheng-Hin. “Central and Eastern Europe and China’s ‘Belt and Road’: Xi Jinping’s 2016 State Visits to Czech Republic, Serbia and Poland.” Eurasia Review, June 22, 2016. Accessed June 26, 2016. http://www.eurasiareview.com/22062016-central-and-eastern-europe-and-chinas-belt-and-road-xi-jinpings-2016-state-visits-to-czech-republic-serbia-and-poland-analysis/.

Lim, Alvin Cheng-Hin. “China and the Eurasian Economic Union: Prospects for Silk Road Economic Belt,” Eurasia Review, May 14, 2015. Accessed June 26, 2016. http://www.eurasiareview.com/14052015-china-and-the-eurasian-economic-union-prospects-for-silk-road-economic-belt-analysis/.

Lim, Alvin Cheng-Hin. “China’s ‘Belt and Road’ and Southeast Asia: Challenges and Prospects.” In Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Southeast Asia, 33-42. Kuala Lumpur: University of Malaya, 2015.

Lim, Alvin Cheng-Hin. “Recent Developments in Sino-EU Relations: 2014 and 2015 State Visits by Xi Jinping and Li Keqiang.” Eurasia Review, July 5, 2015. Accessed June 26, 2016. http://www.eurasiareview.com/05072015-recent-developments-in-sino-eu-relations-2014-and-2015-state-visits-by-xi-jinping-and-li-keqiang/.

Logan, Nick. “First Brexit, then Nexit? Netherlands’ Geert Wilders calls for referendum.” Global News, June 24, 2016. Accessed June 26, 2016. http://globalnews.ca/news/2783859/first-brexit-then-nexit-netherlands-geer-wilders-calls-for-referendum/.

McGuire, Caroline. “Chinese tourist horrifies visitors at sacred Japanese temple after jumping into 1200-year-old shrine’s pond to collect lucky water in his plastic bottle.” Daily Mail, June 16, 2016. Accessed June 26, 2016. http://www.dailymail.co.uk/travel/travel_news/article-3642969/Chinese-tourist-horrifies-visitors-sacred-Japanese-temple-jumping-pond-1200-year-old-shrine-collect-lucky-water-plastic-bottle.html.

Mui, Ylan Q. “Britain’s exit from E.U. sends global economies into tailspin.” Washington Post, June 24, 2016. Accessed June 26, 2016. https://www.washingtonpost.com/business/economy/britains-exit-from-eu-sends-global-economies-into-tailspin/2016/06/24/b898124a-3a3f-11e6-8f7c-d4c723a2becb_story.html.

Page, Jeremy. “Beijing’s Claims of South China Sea Support May Not Hold Water.” Wall Street Journal, June 17, 2016. Accessed June 26, 2016. http://www.wsj.com/articles/beijings-claims-of-south-china-sea-support-may-not-hold-water-1466138014.

Phillips, Tom. “The disappeared: faces of human rights activists China wants to silence.” The Guardian, June 9, 2016. Accessed June 26, 2016. http://www.theguardian.com/world/ng-interactive/2016/jun/09/the-disappeared-faces-human-rights-activists-china-silence.

Rainey, James. “Wanda’s Legendary Buy Is Just the Beginning of China’s Investment in Hollywood.” Variety, January 13, 2016. Accessed June 26, 2016. http://variety.com/2016/film/news/wanda-legendary-buy-china-1201678463/.

Roman, David. “France to Push for Coordinated EU Patrols in South China Sea.” Bloomberg, June 5, 2016. Accessed June 26, 2016. http://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2016-06-05/france-to-push-for-coordinated-eu-patrols-in-south-china-sea.

Sakoui, Anousha. “China Has Hollywood’s Attention. It Wants More.” Bloomberg Businessweek, September 5, 2015. Accessed June 26, 2016. http://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2015-09-04/china-has-hollywood-s-attention-it-wants-more.

Schuman, Michael. “Who Wins From Brexit? China.” Bloomberg, June 24, 2016. Accessed June 26, 2016. http://www.bloomberg.com/view/articles/2016-06-24/china-could-be-the-biggest-winner-from-brexit.

Sinclair, Ian. “The West and Syria: the corporate media vs. reality.” Open Democracy, March 4, 2016. Accessed June 26, 2016. https://www.opendemocracy.net/uk/west-and-syria-corporate-media-vs-reality.

Sudworth, John. “South China Sea: The mystery of missing books and maritime claims.” BBC News, June 19, 2016. Accessed June 26, 2016. http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-china-36545565.

Tasch, Barbara. “‘The only difference’: The ghost of Gaddafi is hovering over the European refugee crisis.” Business Insider, October 18, 2015. Accessed June 26, 2016. http://www.businessinsider.sg/the-european-refugee-crisis-and-libya-2015-10/.

“Will China take over the Hinkley Point nuclear project?” The Week, May 13, 2016. Accessed June 26, 2016. http://www.theweek.co.uk/60778/will-china-take-over-the-hinkley-point-nuclear-project.

Wu, Wendy. “China-led AIIB ready to help soothe Brexit stresses.” South China Morning Post, June 25, 2016. Accessed June 26, 2016. http://www.scmp.com/news/china/policies-politics/article/1981462/china-led-aiib-ready-help-soothe-brexit-stresses.

“Yulin dog meat festival begins in China amid widespread criticism.” BBC News, June 21, 2016. Accessed June 26, 2016. http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-china-36583400.

Žižek, Slavoj. “Could Brexit Breathe New Life into Left-Wing Politics?” Newsweek, June 24, 2016. Accessed June 26, 2016. http://www.newsweek.com/brexit-eu-referendum-left-wing-politics-europe-zizek-474322.

Endnotes:
1 Alvin Cheng-Hin Lim, “A New Type of International Relations: Xi Jinping’s 2015 State Visits to UK, Vietnam and Singapore,” Eurasia Review, November 9, 2015, accessed June 26, 2016, http://www.eurasiareview.com/09112015-a-new-type-of-international-relations-xi-jinpings-2015-state-visits-to-uk-vietnam-and-singapore-analysis/. Christopher Adams, “China seeks to build chain of UK nuclear plants,” Financial Times, October 22, 2015, accessed June 26, 2016, https://next.ft.com/content/8fa43dd2-77e4-11e5-933d-efcdc3c11c89. “Will China take over the Hinkley Point nuclear project?” The Week, May 13, 2016, accessed June 26, 2016, http://www.theweek.co.uk/60778/will-china-take-over-the-hinkley-point-nuclear-project. “Brexit: David Cameron to quit after UK votes to leave EU,” BBC News, June 24, 2016, accessed June 26, 2016, http://www.bbc.com/news/uk-politics-36615028.

2 Alvin Cheng-Hin Lim, “Recent Developments in Sino-EU Relations: 2014 and 2015 State Visits by Xi Jinping And Li Keqiang,” Eurasia Review, July 5, 2015, accessed June 26, 2016, http://www.eurasiareview.com/05072015-recent-developments-in-sino-eu-relations-2014-and-2015-state-visits-by-xi-jinping-and-li-keqiang/. Victoria Craw, “Marine and Marion Le Pen call for referendum in France on European Union membership,” News.com.au, June 24, 2016, accessed June 26, 2016, http://www.news.com.au/world/europe/marine-and-marion-le-pen-call-for-referendum-in-france-on-european-union-membership/news-story/068da59bad58f7707d9d4bf9b034cd5e. Nick Logan, “First Brexit, then Nexit? Netherlands’ Geert Wilders calls for referendum,” Global News, June 24, 2016, accessed June 26, 2016, http://globalnews.ca/news/2783859/first-brexit-then-nexit-netherlands-geer-wilders-calls-for-referendum/. John Lichfield, “Brexit could lead to ‘domino effect’ in Europe as far-right celebrates referendum result.” The Independent, June 25, 2016, accessed June 26, 2016, http://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/europe/brexit-could-lead-to-domino-effect-in-europe-as-far-right-celebrates-referendum-result-a7101391.html.

3 Slavoj Žižek, “Could Brexit Breathe New Life into Left-Wing Politics?” Newsweek, June 24, 2016, accessed June 26, 2016, http://www.newsweek.com/brexit-eu-referendum-left-wing-politics-europe-zizek-474322.

4 David Roman, “France to Push for Coordinated EU Patrols in South China Sea,” Bloomberg, June 5, 2016, accessed June 26, 2016, http://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2016-06-05/france-to-push-for-coordinated-eu-patrols-in-south-china-sea.

5 Ylan Q. Mui, “Britain’s exit from E.U. sends global economies into tailspin,” Washington Post, June 24, 2016, accessed June 26, 2016, https://www.washingtonpost.com/business/economy/britains-exit-from-eu-sends-global-economies-into-tailspin/2016/06/24/b898124a-3a3f-11e6-8f7c-d4c723a2becb_story.html.

6 Jonathan Freedland, “From Brexit to Trump?” New York Review of Books, June 25, 2016, accessed June 26, 2016, http://www.nybooks.com/daily/2016/06/25/from-brexit-to-trump/.

7 Peter Gosselin and Mike Dorning, “After Doubts, Economists Find China Kills U.S. Factory Jobs,” Bloomberg, June 19, 2015, accessed June 26, 2016, http://www.bloomberg.com/politics/articles/2015-06-18/after-doubting-economists-find-china-killing-u-s-factory-jobs.

8 Michael Hirsh, “Why Trump and Sanders Were Inevitable,” POLITICO Magazine, February 28, 2016, accessed June 26, 2016, http://www.politico.com/magazine/story/2016/02/why-donald-trump-and-bernie-sanders-were-inevitable-213685.

9 Alvin Cheng-Hin Lim, “China’s ‘Belt and Road’ and Southeast Asia: Challenges and Prospects,” in Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Southeast Asia (Kuala Lumpur: University of Malaya, 2015), 37.

10 Alvin Cheng-Hin Lim, “China and the Eurasian Economic Union: Prospects for Silk Road Economic Belt,” Eurasia Review, May 14, 2015, accessed June 26, 2016, http://www.eurasiareview.com/14052015-china-and-the-eurasian-economic-union-prospects-for-silk-road-economic-belt-analysis/. Alvin Cheng-Hin Lim, “Central and Eastern Europe and China’s ‘Belt and Road’: Xi Jinping’s 2016 State Visits to Czech Republic, Serbia and Poland,” Eurasia Review, June 22, 2016, accessed June 26, 2016, http://www.eurasiareview.com/22062016-central-and-eastern-europe-and-chinas-belt-and-road-xi-jinpings-2016-state-visits-to-czech-republic-serbia-and-poland-analysis/.

11 Rudolph Bell, “How a Greenville man has brought 2,200 new jobs from China,” Greenville Online, June 6, 2016, accessed June 26, 2016, http://www.greenvilleonline.com/story/money/business/2016/06/06/greenville-resident-specializes-recruiting-jobs-china/85321968/.

12 Barbara Tasch, “‘The only difference’: The ghost of Gaddafi is hovering over the European refugee crisis,” Business Insider, October 18, 2015, accessed June 26, 2016, http://www.businessinsider.sg/the-european-refugee-crisis-and-libya-2015-10/. Alan J. Kuperman, “Obama’s Libya Debacle,” Foreign Affairs, March/April 2015, accessed June 26, 2016, https://www.foreignaffairs.com/articles/libya/obamas-libya-debacle. Tim Black, “Syria Truce: Western Intervention Eats Itself,” Spiked Online, February 23, 2016, accessed June 26, 2016, http://www.spiked-online.com/newsite/article/syria-truce-western-intervention-eats-itself/. Ian Sinclair, “The West and Syria: the corporate media vs. reality,” Open Democracy, March 4, 2016, accessed June 26, 2016, https://www.opendemocracy.net/uk/west-and-syria-corporate-media-vs-reality.

13 Tom Phillips, “The disappeared: faces of human rights activists China wants to silence,” The Guardian, June 9, 2016, accessed June 26, 2016, http://www.theguardian.com/world/ng-interactive/2016/jun/09/the-disappeared-faces-human-rights-activists-china-silence.

14 “Yulin dog meat festival begins in China amid widespread criticism,” BBC News, June 21, 2016, accessed June 26, 2016, http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-china-36583400.

15 Olivia Archdeacon, “China adds Nigeria to its African Empire,” CapX, April 14, 2016, accessed June 26, 2016, http://capx.co/nigeria-becomes-the-second-nation-in-chinas-african-empire/. John Sudworth, “South China Sea: The mystery of missing books and maritime claims,” BBC News, June 19, 2016, accessed June 26, 2016, http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-china-36545565.

16 Caroline McGuire, “Chinese tourist horrifies visitors at sacred Japanese temple after jumping into 1200-year-old shrine’s pond to collect lucky water in his plastic bottle,” Daily Mail, June 16, 2016, accessed June 26, 2016, http://www.dailymail.co.uk/travel/travel_news/article-3642969/Chinese-tourist-horrifies-visitors-sacred-Japanese-temple-jumping-pond-1200-year-old-shrine-collect-lucky-water-plastic-bottle.html.

17 Diana Bruk, “Check Out the Insanely Lavish Lives of the Rich Kids of China,” Cosmopolitan, April 14, 2016, accessed June 26, 2016, http://www.cosmopolitan.com/lifestyle/a56901/rich-chinese-kids-vancouver-sports-cars-instagram/.

18 Jeremy Page, “Beijing’s Claims of South China Sea Support May Not Hold Water,” Wall Street Journal, June 17, 2016, accessed June 26, 2016, http://www.wsj.com/articles/beijings-claims-of-south-china-sea-support-may-not-hold-water-1466138014.

19 James Rainey, “Wanda’s Legendary Buy Is Just the Beginning of China’s Investment in Hollywood,” Variety, January 13, 2016, accessed June 26, 2016, http://variety.com/2016/film/news/wanda-legendary-buy-china-1201678463/. Anousha Sakoui, “China Has Hollywood’s Attention. It Wants More,” Bloomberg Businessweek, September 5, 2015, accessed June 26, 2016, http://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2015-09-04/china-has-hollywood-s-attention-it-wants-more.

20 “Brexit a possible golden opportunity for China, say analysts,” AFP, June 24, 2016, accessed June 26, 2016, http://www.straitstimes.com/asia/east-asia/brexit-a-possible-golden-opportunity-for-china-say-analysts. Jennifer Li, “Hong Kong property investors cash in on Brexit,” South China Morning Post, June 25, 2016, accessed June 26, 2016, http://www.scmp.com/business/money/article/1981536/hong-kong-property-investors-cash-brexit.

21 Michael Schuman, “Who Wins From Brexit? China,” Bloomberg, June 24, 2016, accessed June 26, 2016, http://www.bloomberg.com/view/articles/2016-06-24/china-could-be-the-biggest-winner-from-brexit. Pepe Escobar, “Why the UK Said Bye Bye to the EU,” Sputnik, June 24, 2016, accessed June 26, 2016, http://sputniknews.com/columnists/20160624/1041883503/eu-nrexit-escobar.html. Wendy Wu, “China-led AIIB ready to help soothe Brexit stresses,” South China Morning Post, June 25, 2016, accessed June 26, 2016, http://www.scmp.com/news/china/policies-politics/article/1981462/china-led-aiib-ready-help-soothe-brexit-stresses.


About the Author

Alvin Cheng-Hin Lim
Alvin Cheng-Hin Lim
Alvin Cheng-Hin Lim is a research fellow with International Public Policy Pte. Ltd. (IPP), and is the author of Cambodia and the Politics of Aesthetics (Routledge 2013). He received his Ph.D. in Political Science from the University of Hawaii at Manoa, and has taught at Pannasastra University of Cambodia and the American University of Nigeria. Prior to joining IPP, he was a research fellow with the Longus Institute for Development and Strategy. Email: Alvin Cheng-Hin Lim

1 Comment on "How Concerned Should China Be About Brexit? – Analysis"

  1. What Brexit? This referendum is not legally binding. The UK is not out of the EU. Those who voted to leave have a long hard fight ahead. Washington and the British political and media establishments that serve Washington are not going to let them leave. The whole thing is just a brouhaha.

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