ISSN 2330-717X

Sri Lanka: Minorities Want An Inclusive Constitution


Religious and ethnic minorities in Sri Lanka want President Maithripala Sirisena to safeguard their rights and cultural identity in the proposed new constitution

“We (Tamil people) experience freedom but need more space to claim our identity as Sri Lankans,” Father A.J. Yavis, former director of Caritas Jaffna told

One year after coming to the power on a reformist platform, Sirisena proposed a new constitution Jan. 9 as a way to protect and integrate its religious and ethnic minorities by guaranteeing their fundamental rights and freedoms following a long civil war.

Since 1983, the Sri Lankan government had been embroiled in a brutal war against the Tamil Tigers, an insurgent group that fought to carve out a separate Tamil homeland in the country’s North and East until it was defeated militarily by government forces in May 2009.

The Tamil Tigers claimed decades of systematic discrimination under successive governments led by the Sinhalese ethnic majority.

“If the new constitution is not seen to be equal and just, efforts at drafting it will be in vain,” said Father Yavis.

Sri Lanka is a multiethnic and multireligious country. Buddhism is the main state religion under the current constitution.

Close to 70 percent of Sri Lankans are Buddhists, with Muslims, Hindus and Catholics, the other major religions, being approximately 7 percent. In terms of ethnicity, about 75 percent of Sri Lankans are Sinhalese and about 5 percent Tamils.

“The new constitution should address the need of all communities irrespective of religion or ethnicity as all of them are citizens of one sovereign nation,” said Venerable Badiwewa Diya Sena Thero, abbot at the Kandakkuliya temple.

The constitution should not be produced by one group of people sharing the same interest but instead include stakeholders who represent victims of religious and ethnic conflicts from all the parts of the island, said the Buddhist monk.

“Catholics being a minority in Sri Lanka have come together for the first time to voice out the needs of all minorities. We want to make use of this opportunity to address the needs of minorities,” Thilina Alhakoon, national convener of Jathika Kithunu Pawra association, told

The association is a collaboration of about 20 Catholic movements including the Young Christian Workers, Catholic Laborers’ Movement and the Catholic Teachers’ Movement.

The government has already started to hear the public on the proposed constitution.

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The Union of Catholic Asian News (UCA News, UCAN) is the leading independent Catholic news source in Asia. A network of journalists and editors that spans East, South and Southeast Asia, UCA News has for four decades aimed to provide the most accurate and up-to-date news, feature, commentary and analysis, and multimedia content on social, political and religious developments that relate or are of interest to the Catholic Church in Asia.

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