By Douglas Burton
His titles are many: priest, faith healer, exorcist, psychotherapist, and, since May 29, governor of Benue State in Nigeria.
Father Hyacinth Iormen Alia, 57, bucked the guidance of his bishop last year to jump into politics as a candidate from the All Progressive Congress (APC), the party of newly elected Nigerian President Bola Tinubu.
Since his inauguration on May 29, Alia has hit the ground running, determined to “reset,” in his words, the course of his strife-torn state in the north-central part of the country.
Alia was just last year a parish priest never having held elective office and having spent at least eight years as a priest and hospital chaplain in the U.S. Yet his wealth of education and U.S. experience seems to have helped him gain a landslide electoral victory on March 20.
Before his run for governor, Alia was best known for his healing ministry.
“He healed people who were possessed by evil spirits, and he was very effective at it,” Father Vitalis Torwel, who attended seminary with Alia, told CNA.
“People who came and received healing from their various sicknesses started circulating the message to their friends and family and from there, Rev. Father Hyacinth Alia’s healing Mass became the talk of every house in the state and across the country,” the Nigerian news outlet Trending Now reported.
His ministry became a theme of his campaign for governor: “Heal the Land. Heal Benue,” one advertisement read.
Not Benue’s first politician priest
Alia has extensive experience in the U.S. as a student, priest, and chaplain. He earned a master’s degree in education from Fordham University in the Bronx, New York, and he earned another master’s degree and a doctoral degree, both in biomedical ethics, from Duquesne University in Pittsburgh.
While in the U.S., Alia served as a parish priest at Immaculate Conception Church and Our Lady of the Cenacle Church, both in Queens, New York, where he also exercised chaplain duties at Jamaica Hospital. He also worked as a chaplaincy administrator at Catholic Health Services in Lauderdale Lakes, Florida; the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center; and St. Joseph’s Mercy Health System in Ann Arbor, Michigan. He returned to Benue in 2005.
Alia’s pivot to state politics placed him at odds with his bishop, Bishop William Avenya of the Diocese of Gboko, who ultimately suspended him.
“Church Canon 287, Paragraph 2, states: Clerics are not to play an active role in political parties or in directing trade unions unless, in the judgment of competent ecclesiastical authority, this is required for the defense of the rights of the Church or to promote the common good,” Avenya wrote in a letter to the diocese on May 20, 2022. He said the suspension would remain in effect until Alia “ceases from contumacy.”
The suspension did little to dim Alia’s popularity in Benue, a predominantly Catholic state. He wasn’t the first priest to run for office there: Father Moses Orshio Adasu accepted suspension from the priesthood and was elected governor on Jan. 2, 1992. Adasu managed to found Benue State University and jumpstart the economy before he was forced to retire two years later after a military coup, and he remains a popular figure among Benue Catholics, according to clergy who spoke to CNA.
Despite his suspension, Alia continued to wear his clerical collar during his nine-month campaign, grating against the sensibilities of many fellow priests who knew of his suspension, but since wearing his priestly garb at his inauguration he has donned traditional clothing or Western business suits. Alia has said he plans to return to the ministry after his public service concludes. He declined an interview request by CNA.
Grazing rights loom large
The new governor faces tall challenges in Benue, a state located at the confluence of Nigeria’s two great rivers, the Niger and the Benue, which boasts some of the nation’s richest soil. Due to terrorism and land grabs by so-called unknown gunmen or bandits, Benue is home to some of the nation’s poorest people. At least 2 million are reportedly languishing in internally displaced persons (IDP) camps.
In a June 6 video press conference, Alia stressed his determination to secure Benue’s border with neighboring Nasarawa State. “We have a lot of loopholes at the border. Last Sunday I called for all illegal points to vanish. We have 16 checkpoints, and only those should be in place. They have to function,” he said.
Benue has a history of tribal warfare, but a decade-long conflict between the Fulani tribe and the dominant tribes indigenous to the state has left tens of thousands of farming families homeless. On June 3, five days after the inauguration, an attack in Mbacher Council Ward of Katsina-Ala County in the southeast area of Benue, reportedly by “unknown gunmen,” killed at least 25 residents. Following attacks in the second week of June brought the number of dead to more than 40.
Alia addressed Nigeria’s “insecurity” in his inauguration speech.
“During the campaigns, we traversed the length and breadth of our state and I personally saw, firsthand, the appalling situation of our people,” Alia said.
“Town after town and village after village, you waited for hours on end for our campaign train to arrive. That wait was not for Father Alia or my Deputy Barr Sam Ode. You were waiting for hope. renewed hope. And I want to assure you, Benue: Hope is here!” he said.
“As your governor, I am committed to working with security agencies and the federal government to ensure the safety of lives and property in our state. We will also work tirelessly to address root causes of insecurity, such as poverty, unemployment, and social exclusion,” Alia said.
Alia did not mention the concern of most Catholic clergy interviewed by CNA who said that sectarian hatred by Muslim herders played a part in the terrorism.
The new governor pledged to stop the terrorist attacks and boost the economy by bringing in private-sector investors. Former Gov. Samuel Ortom had defined himself as the foremost critic of controversial outgoing President Muhammadu Buhari, a member of the Fulani tribe and the prior head of Alia’s party, who has been accused of turning a blind eye to violence and banditry.
Ortom led his state to outlaw open grazing on farmers’ crops, a measure that the Fulani tribe’s herding class opposed with vengeance. In his inaugural speech, Alia pledged to review and possibly revise the ban. “We are inheriting an anti-open-grazing law whose implementation has become controversial,” he said. “Having gone through some period of implementation, it is fit and proper for us to review the law to identify the lessons learned, hold the gains made if any, and reform to accommodate current realities.”
Alia also has pledged to reopen the spigot of federal funding to Benue to pay the salaries of the police and state employees whose salaries come from the national government.
“Politically, our state has been disconnected from the federal government because of bad politics,” he said. “We commit to reconnecting Benue State to the proverbial ‘National Grid’ of Nigerian politics in order to harvest the benefits.” It will not hurt that Alia’s mentor in the All Progressives Party, former Benue governor and senator George Akume, has been promoted to an influential role in President Tinubu’s cabinet.