Escalating The Demographic War – OpEd


The discussion of institutional Israeli racism against its own Palestinian-Arab population has all but ceased following the final approval of the discriminatory Nation-State Law in July 2018. Indeed, the latest addition to Israel’s Basic Law is the mere start of a new government-espoused agenda designed to further marginalize over a fifth of the country’s population.

On Oct. 28, 18 members of the Israeli Parliament (Knesset) conjured up yet another ploy to target Israeli-Arab citizens. They proposed a bill that would revoke the Israeli citizenship of any Palestinian-Arab prisoner in Israel who, directly or indirectly, receives any financial aid from the Palestinian Authority (PA).

Worthy of mention is that these MKs not only represent right-wing, ultra-right and religious parties, but also the Blue and White (Kahol Lavan) “centrist” party. In fact, the proposed bill already has the support of Israel’s parliamentary majority.

But is this really about financial aid for prisoners, particularly since the PA is nearly bankrupt and its financial contributions to the families of Palestinian prisoners, even within the Occupied Territories, are symbolic?

Here is an alternative context. On Oct. 29, the Israeli newspaper Haaretz revealed that the government of right-wing Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu plans to expand the jurisdiction of the northern Jewish town of Harish by 50 percent. The aim is to prevent Palestinians from becoming the majority in that area.

The contingency plan was formulated by Israel’s Housing Ministry as a swift response to an internal document which projects that by the year 2050, Palestinian Arabs will constitute 51 percent of that region’s population of 700,000.

These are just two examples of recent actions taken within two days, damning evidence that the Nation-State Law was the mere preface to a long period of institutional racism. The aim is to win the one-sided demographic war launched by Israel against the Palestinian people many years ago.

Outright ethnic cleansing — which Israel practiced during and after the wars of 1948 and 1967 — is not an option, at least not for now. So Israel is finding other ways to guarantee a Jewish majority in Israel itself, in Jerusalem, in Area C within the occupied West Bank and, by extension, everywhere else in Palestine.

Israeli dissident historian Prof. Ilan Pappe refers to this as “incremental genocide.” This slow-paced ethnic cleansing includes the expansion of the illegal settlements in occupied East Jerusalem and the West Bank, and the proposed annexation of nearly a third of the Occupied Territories.

The besieged Gaza Strip is a different story. Winning a demographic war in a densely populated but small region of 2 million inhabitants living within 365 sq. km was never feasible.

The so-called “redeployment” out of Gaza by late Prime Minister Ariel Sharon in 2005 was a strategic decision aimed at cutting Israel’s losses in the territory in favor of expediting the colonization process in the West Bank and the Negev Desert. Indeed, most of Gaza’s illegal settlers were eventually relocated to these demographically contested regions.

But how is Israel to deal with its own Palestinian-Arab population, which now constitutes a sizeable demographic minority and an influential, often united political bloc? In the Israeli general election of March 2020, united Palestinian-Arab political parties contesting under the Joint List achieved their greatest success yet, emerging as Israel’s third-largest party.

This success set off alarm bells among Israel’s ruling elites, and led to the formation of the current “unity government.” Israel’s two major political parties, Likud and Kahol Lavan, made it clear that no Arab parties would be included in any government coalition.

A strong Arab political constituency represents a nightmare scenario for Israel’s government planners, who are obsessed with demographics and the marginalization of Palestinian Arabs in every possible arena. Hence, the very representatives of the Palestinian-Arab community in Israel become a target for political repression.

In a report published in September 2019, rights group Amnesty International revealed that “Palestinian members of the Knesset in Israel are increasingly facing discriminatory attacks.” It added: “Despite being democratically elected like their Jewish Israeli counterparts, Palestinian MKs are the target of deep-rooted discrimination and undue restrictions that hamstring their ability to speak out in defense of the rights of the Palestinian people.”

These revelations were communicated by Amnesty just prior to the Sept. 27 election. The targeting of Palestinian citizens of Israel is reminiscent of similar harassment and targeting of Palestinian officials and parties in the Occupied Territories, especially prior to local or general elections. The truth is that Israel views its own Palestinian-Arab population through the same glass that it views its militarily occupied Palestinians.

Since its establishment on the ruins of historic Palestine and until 1979, Israel governed its Palestinian population through the Defense (Emergency) Regulations. The arbitrary legal system imposed numerous restrictions on those Palestinians who were allowed to remain in Israel following the 1948 Nakba, or ethnic cleansing of Palestine.

In practice, however, the emergency rule was lifted in name only. It was merely redefined and replaced — according to the Israel-based Adalah rights group — by over 65 laws that directly target the Palestinian-Arab minority of Israel. The Nation-State Law, which denies Israel’s Arab minority their legal status, and therefore protection under international law, further accentuates Israel’s relentless war on its Arab minority.

Moreover, “the definition of Israel as ‘the Jewish State’ or ‘the State of the Jewish People’ makes inequality a practical, political and ideological reality for Palestinian citizens of Israel,” according to Adalah.

Israeli racism is not random and cannot be simply classified as yet another human rights violation. It is the core of a sophisticated plan that aims at the political marginalization and economic strangulation of Israel’s Palestinian-Arab minority within a constitutional, thus “legal,” framework.

Without fully understanding the end goal of this Israeli strategy, Palestinians and their allies will not have the chance to combat it properly, as they certainly should.

Ramzy Baroud

Ramzy Baroud ( is an internationally-syndicated columnist and the editor of His book is My Father Was a Freedom Fighter: Gaza's Untold Story (Pluto Press, London), now available on

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