China: New Rules Criminalize ‘Negative’ Cyber Talk


The communist government in China has tightened the gag on cyberspace with a new set of rules that make it a violation to talk about what the state construes as “negative content.”

The sweeping internet censorship rules, which took effect on March 1, make it illegal to speak about the arrests of priests, desecration of churches and demolition of crosses, which are frequent to keep the Church in check, Christian leaders said.

The communist administration has started implementing the rules three months after the Cyberspace Administration of China introduced them in December, explicitly aiming to control information exchange and online debates.

Li Dachuan (name changed), who handles a parish website in eastern China, said he was asked early this month to remove some community-based content that does not conform to the official version. Such content, said the notice, works against national integration.

“These content keep the website alive. Deleting them will render it less active and trustworthy,” he said, adding that he plans to sort it out after discussions with the parish priest.

Vague rules

The government claims the new “online information content ecosystem” encourages “positive” content while curbing “negative” information.

The new regulations, spread over eight chapters, deal with general provisions, content producers, content service platforms, content service users, industry organizations, supervision, legal liabilities and supplementary provisions.

However, the regulations, approved by the National Internet Information Office, are vague in identifying what constitutes “negative content.”

Negative content includes “sensationalizing headlines,” “excessive celebrity gossip” and “sexual innuendo.” In short, any material that can have a negative impact.

The new rules also encourage promoting ideological theory like the socialist thoughts of President Xi Jinping in an “accurate and vivid way.”

They also urge users to promote the “unity and stability” of China while underlining the country’s economic prowess.

Content producers are asked to desist from producing, copying or publishing information on “the country’s religious policies, and from promoting cults and superstitions.”

If an online platform violates the rules, it will be warned, restricted or suspended and the content producer will face legal action.

Communist Party mouthpiece People’s Daily hailed the regulations as a “good start for Chinese internet management” and to “eradicate the weeds from cyberspace.”

The effect on Christians

Church people like Zhang Baolu, who handles a diocesan website in China, said the vagueness about negative content makes it difficult to report violence against Christians.

Zhang said the authorities had asked him to remove some content in December when the regulations were first released.

“Earlier, it was possible to express support and appeal for the priests detained by the authorities. Now, that would not be the case anymore,” Zhang said.

He believed that the State Bureau of Religious Affairs, the watchdog on religion, will expand its influence with the new norms.

“I am afraid religious news will become less on  digital media platforms and will eventually disappear,” Zhang warned.

Father Yang, who looks after a parish website in the northern province of Hebei, said the new rules violated the right to freedom of speech.

“This is no longer the management of religion but total control,” the priest said, adding that the rules will have a far-reaching impact on churches in China.

UCA News

The Union of Catholic Asian News (UCA News, UCAN) is the leading independent Catholic news source in Asia. A network of journalists and editors that spans East, South and Southeast Asia, UCA News has for four decades aimed to provide the most accurate and up-to-date news, feature, commentary and analysis, and multimedia content on social, political and religious developments that relate or are of interest to the Catholic Church in Asia.

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