By Ramzy Baroud
While it is true that Zionism is a modern political ideology that has exploited religion to achieve specific colonial objectives in Palestine, predictions continue to be a critical component of Israel’s perception of itself and of its relationship to other groups, especially Christian messianic groups in the US and worldwide.
The subject of religious predictions and their centrality to Israel’s political thought was once more highlighted last month thanks to remarks made by former Prime Minister Ehud Barak in an interview with the Hebrew-language newspaper Yedioth Ahronoth. Barak, who is perceived to be a progressive politician and who was once the leader of Israel’s Labor Party, expressed fears that the country will “disintegrate” before the 80th anniversary of its 1948 establishment.
“Throughout the Jewish history, the Jews did not rule for more than 80 years, except in the two kingdoms of David and the Hasmonean dynasty and, in both periods, their disintegration began in the eighth decade,” Barak said.
Based on pseudo-historical analysis, Barak’s prediction seemed to conflate historical facts with typical messianic Israeli thinking — reminiscent of statements made by Israel’s former Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu in 2017.
Netanyahu’s comments were also expressed in the form of fear over the future of Israel and a looming “existential threat,” which is the cornerstone of Israeli hasbara throughout the years. At a Bible study session in his house in Jerusalem, Netanyahu warned that the Hasmonean kingdom — also known as the Maccabees — had only survived for 80 years before it was conquered by the Romans in 63 B.C. The “Hasmonean state lasted only 80 years and we needed to exceed this,” the then-prime minister was quoted as saying by one of the attendees, the Haaretz newspaper reported.
The difference between Barak and Netanyahu’s statements is negligible: The former’s views are supposedly historical and the latter’s are biblical. Worth noting, however, is that both leaders, though they subscribe to two different political schools, have converged on certain points: Israel’s survival is at stake, the existential threat is real and the end of Israel is only a matter of time.
But such pessimism is hardly confined to Israel’s political leaders, who are known to exaggerate and manipulate facts to instill fear and to rile up their political camps, especially the powerful messianic constituencies. Although this is true, predictions regarding Israel’s grim future are not confined to the country’s political elites.
In an interview with Haaretz in 2019, one of Israel’s most respected mainstream historians, Benny Morris, had much to say about the future of his country. Unlike Barak and Netanyahu, Morris was not sending warning signals but stating what, to him, seemed an unavoidable outcome of the country’s political and demographic evolution.
“I don’t see how we get out of it,” Morris said, adding: “Already, today there are more Arabs than Jews between the (Mediterranean) Sea and the Jordan (River). The whole territory is unavoidably becoming one state with an Arab majority… A situation in which we rule an occupied people that has no rights cannot persist in the 21st century.”
Morris’ predictions, while remaining committed to the racial fantasy of a Jewish majority, were far more articulate and also realistic when compared to those of Barak, Netanyahu and others. The man who once regretted that Israel’s founder, David Ben-Gurion, did not expel all of Palestine’s native population in 1947-48, spoke with resignation that, in a matter of a generation, Israel will cease to exist in its current form.
Particularly notable about his comments is the accurate perception that “the Palestinians look at everything from a broad, long-term perspective,” and that the Palestinians will continue to “demand the return of the refugees.” But who were the “Palestinians” Morris was referring to? Certainly not the Palestinian Authority, whose leaders have already marginalized the right of return for Palestinian refugees and most certainly have no “broad, long-term perspective.” Morris’ Palestinians are, of course, the Palestinian people themselves, generations of whom have served, and continue to serve, as the vanguards of Palestinian rights despite all of the setbacks, defeats and political compromises.
Actually, predictions regarding Palestine and Israel are not a new phenomenon. Palestine was colonized by Zionists with the help of Britain, also based on biblical frames of reference. It was populated by Zionist settlers based on biblical references dedicated to the restoration of ancient kingdoms and the return of ancient peoples to their supposedly rightful “promised land.”
Though Israel has taken on many different meanings throughout the years — perceived as a socialist utopia at times and a liberal, democratic haven at others — it has always been preoccupied with religious meanings and spiritual visions and inundated with predictions. The most sinister expression of this truth is the fact that the current support of Israel among millions of Christian fundamentalists in the West is largely driven by messianic, end-of-the-world predictions.
The latest predictions about Israel’s uncertain future are based on a different logic. Its future is mostly linked to its ability to maintain a Jewish majority in historic Palestine. By the admission of Morris and others, this pipe dream is now crumbling as the “demographic war” is clearly and quickly being lost.
Of course, coexistence in a single democratic state will always be a possibility. Alas, for Israel’s Zionist ideologues, such a state would hardly meet the minimum expectations of the country’s founders, since it would no longer exist in the form of a Jewish-majority Zionist state. For coexistence to take place, the Zionist ideology would have to be scrapped.
Speaking strictly in terms of demographics, Israel is no longer a Jewish-majority state. But history has taught us that Muslims, Christians and Jews can peacefully coexist and collectively thrive, as they have done in the Middle East and Iberian Peninsula for millennia. This is a prediction that is worth striving for.