ISSN 2330-717X

The Biggest Threat We Face Right Now Is Not Terror, It’s Polarization – OpEd

By

By Matt Williams*

The terror attacks mounted by radicalized groups around the world are exactly that. They are terrifying attacks. By attacking civilians in what would normally be a benign environment they induce feelings of terror in the wider population, which is ultimately their weapon of choice.

As horrific and real and tangible the attacks are, the reality is that they are small in nature, yet the perception is that they are large and therefore many are at risk. For every actual casualty there are many thousands that are terrorized and it is through this terrorization that the real threat presents itself, and it is the polarization of communities and cultures.

For as long as terrorists have existed, which is many centuries, their goal has been to achieve the maximum effect in relation to the number of casualties created. And terrorist attacks do just that. A terrorist attack resulting in less than 200 deaths will prompt messages of sympathy from Heads of State across the world and result in changes to legislation, not just in the target nation, but likely in others also as a result of their shocking and unpredictable nature. The more significant reactions though, will come from the members of the public themselves.

While the involvement of political leaders and the reactions of governments are significant, they are not necessarily as significant as the changes in individual behaviour can be. At one end of the spectrum, people may choose to avoid public events like sporting events or music concerts, or they won’t frequent restaurants or pavement cafes in the same manner that they did. This may not seem like much, but they are having their freedom and their way of life impacted. Much more alarming however, at the other end of the spectrum, communities can quite rapidly become polarized.

As socio-cultural groups become identified as being involved with or responsible for terrorist attacks, other groups will come to distrust and even resent them. Little by little the two groups will be pushed apart creating divisions that are far more dangerous than the terrorist attacks themselves.

Although it is accurate to say that the Paris attacks were committed by radicalized Muslim extremists, it is absolutely not accurate to say that all Muslims are radicalized extremists. But that’s not how everyone sees it. Without understating the importance and the need for prompt and robust action to investigate theses attacks and prevent future attacks we must all strive to resist the polarization that is a real and very tangible threat to our future security.

In the aftermath of the 13th November attacks we have seen many positive acts by many individuals. From tweets offering shelter in Sikh Temples for those unable to get home as a result of the attacks to people adding the French or Lebanese flag to their Facebook profile picture with the hashtag Pray For France, or Pray for the World, there have been countless acts that show support for those affected. Sadly there have also been calls to restrict immigration and other unfounded negative responses aimed at Muslim communities, many of whom have been resident in western countries for generations.

With less than 1% of Muslims being radicalized and only a percentage of those being prepared to commit acts of violence, blaming all Muslims for the terrorist attacks is not just a mass over generalization but it is also a damaging and polarizing act. And when any cultural, ethnic or religious group starts to feel isolated there is a very real risk that communities will move further apart becoming increasingly polarized and as they do, levels of both understanding and trust decrease.

This doesn’t mean that we should throw open the gates and admit uncontrolled numbers of Syrian and other immigrants, but we mustn’t isolate existing communities either. Because if we do we will be creating the exact conditions needed for radicalization to fester creating the biggest security risk that we have seen in recent years. And the radicalization won’t necessarily be confined to single group, it can happen in any group, as wherever we see isolated and polarized communities in the world we also see conflict. As we face the challenges of radicalization we must work harder than ever to ensure that our communities don’t become polarized, because if they do, the terrorists win. And then we all lose.

About the author:
*Matt Williams
is a Geopolitical Analyst, Military Veteran, Law Graduate and Co Founder of Global Intelligence Solutions

Source:
This article was published at Modern Diplomacy.

Modern Diplomacy

Modern Diplomacy

The Modern Diplomacy is a leading European opinion maker - not a pure news-switchboard. Today’s world does not need yet another avalanche of (disheartened and decontextualized) information, it needs shared experience and honestly told opinion. Determined to voice and empower, to argue but not to impose, the MD does not rigidly guard its narrative. Contrary to the majority of media-houses and news platforms, the MD is open to everyone coming with the firm and fair, constructive and foresighted argumentation.

One thought on “The Biggest Threat We Face Right Now Is Not Terror, It’s Polarization – OpEd

  • Avatar
    December 16, 2015 at 1:36 am
    Permalink

    What Mr. Williams is omitting from his very ‘conventional wisdom’
    analysis is that the terrorist is the person driven to desperation by the cruelty and indifference of a very large force that he cannot combat in any other way than by blowing himself up and taking innocent people with him. We do have a word for this: it is “blowback.” And the blowback we are getting now (if I omit false flag attacks) is the blowback the Western imperial powers legitimately deserve from one hundred years of interference in the lives of our neighbors in the Middle East. The US, the UK, France, the Netherlands,Belgium, have imposed puppet rulers upon these Muslim communities, have ruthlessly suppressed every effort they have made to organize themselves and to run their lives in accordance with their own cultural values, and have waged war after war to impose Western cultural norms upon them, operating on the theory that our norms are superior. When a particular national entity has adopted one of our norms (democracy, as in Iran in 1953 when Iran had a Parliament and had elected Mohammed Mossadegh as leader), the US and UK have gone in, engineered a coup anyway, and installed a puppet (the Shah) to do our bidding. Why? to control the Iranian oil fields. If you remember the taking of American hostages in 1979, that was blowback. But of course, we were outraged and have carried a grudge against Iran ever since.
    If we were decent people, we would apologize to Iran, Iraq, Libya, Lebanon, Egypt, Afghanistan, and every other state where we have asserted Western control and Western cultural norms, and we would stop blaming our victims for the blowback we ourselves are creating. The crowning insult of the Western powers was to insert Israel into Arab lands, an insult they will never forgive, nor will rivers of blood assuage it. Prof. Chalmers Johnson, spent his last years writing books to warn us about our conduct, but we dismissed his efforts with scorn. Try reading BLOWBACK, THE SORROWS OF EMPIRE, NEMESIS; you might learn something.

    Reply

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.