ISSN 2330-717X

Putin’s Spiritual Advisor Set To Challenge Patriarch Kirill’s Policies If Not Position – OpEd


Bishop Tikhon (Shevkunov), long identified as Vladimir Putin’s spiritual advisor and noted for his numerous outspoken comments on a wide range of subjects (, has been appointed to head the metropolitanate of Pskv and Porkhovsky by the Holy Synod of the Russian Orthodox Church.

He will presumably be elevated to the rank of metropolitan, thus putting him in a position to play a far greater role in church affairs than hitherto — he has had the relatively minor role of head of the Patriarcahte’s council on culture, a position he supposedly will retain – and puts him in a position to run for the position of patriarch once Kirill passes from the scene.

That possibility has been the subject of almost all commentary on the bishop’s elevation (e.g.,,,,,, and

And it is certainly not impossible or even improbable. If Tikhon eventually becomes patriarch, he could be expected to put his and thus Putin’s mark on the church. But such a further elevation is some time in the future. The more interesting question is what does Tikhon’s latest rise say about relations between the Kremlin and the Patriarchate and Patriarch Kirill.

First and most obvious, it shows that Putin already has effective control of the church hierarchy. Kirill has often gone off the reservation as far as the Kremlin is concerned, on issues having to do with Ukraine and Abkhazia, for example. But Tikhon was elevated by the hierarchs, a signal to Kirill that he doesn’t control the church as much as he may think.

Second, it gives Putin yet another lever to ensure that the Patriarchate and the Patriarch do what the Kremlin wants, especially as issues surrounding autocephaly for Ukrainian Orthodoxy highlight the weakness of Moscow within the Orthodox world. Kirill now knows there is someone the Kremlin would be only too happy to see replace him.

And third, Tikhon’s elevation likely puts the Orthodox Church on track to support an even more traditional caesaro-papist traditionalism than even Kirill has been willing to champion. The stronger Tikhon becomes, the more the Orthodox church can be counted on to promote the Russian regime’s portion of archaic and obscurantist anti-Westernism.

Those three things, even more than the distant possibility that Tikhon will one day be patriarch, are the most important consequences of his elevation this week

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Paul Goble

Paul Goble is a longtime specialist on ethnic and religious questions in Eurasia. Most recently, he was director of research and publications at the Azerbaijan Diplomatic Academy. Earlier, he served as vice dean for the social sciences and humanities at Audentes University in Tallinn and a senior research associate at the EuroCollege of the University of Tartu in Estonia. He has served in various capacities in the U.S. State Department, the Central Intelligence Agency and the International Broadcasting Bureau as well as at the Voice of America and Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty and at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. Mr. Goble maintains the Window on Eurasia blog and can be contacted directly at [email protected] .

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