The Strategy Of Domination Of Two Competitors – OpEd


By Gulshat Abdullaeva

In November 2017, the President of the United States, and then the Chairman of the People’s Republic of China (PRC), visited the countries of South-East Asia, after which a bilateral summit was held in Beijing. Analysts regard these events as a factor of growing competition between the two powers for domination in the world. The US wants to keep their influence in the Asian region, as well as rearm its allies and create a common front against China. China wants to create a neutral zone around itself.

Competition between the US and China is still noticeable in the economic and commercial spheres, but at any moment it can grow into a military confrontation. The two powers continue to modernize and build up the military arsenal. In the medium term, if the leaders of the two powers fail to agree on spheres of influence in the Central Asian and Pacific region, it is likely that confrontation can reach the intervention of the armed forces.

Great Central Asia project

The United States leadership has developed the “Greate Central Asia” (GCA) project, the main idea of which is to indicate the persistence of its presence within the Central Asian region and beyond. One of the main objectives of the project is to limit China’s access to oil and gas from Central Asian countries through Afghanistan, after which the PRC will be weakened through Xinjiang, through color revolutions caused by Uyghur separatists, as well as through Islamic militants and radicalization of society.

The main tasks of US foreign policy in Central Asia, experts note the establishment of control over the energy resources of the region and cutting them off China, using the so-called “managed chaos” concept, provoking major conflicts in the region.

The implementation of the GCA project involves the creation of a mega-region, by stimulating the integration of the Central Asian region in its traditional understanding. To this end, in 2006, the US Department of State established the South and Central Asia Bureau, which assumed responsibility for the work and communication with the five former Soviet states of Central Asia. The creation of such a Bureau is, the main part of Washington’s policy aimed at strengthening the ties between Central and South Asia, within the framework of the concept of the GCA.

The US authorities believe that the Great Central Asia project is crucial for national interests and is guided primarily by the fact that oil and gas production in the Caspian Sea basin, especially in Kazakhstan and Turkmenistan, can make a significant contribution to global energy security by uniting the region from “Kazakh steppes” to the Indian region. Through the implementation of this project, America is trying to create an image of an indispensable assistant who wants to expose China in a negative light before the countries of Central Asia.

Anti-Chinese propaganda

At the moment, there is an active information impact on the population of Kazakhstan by the US, and the impact is clearly anti-Chinese orientation. The analysis of published materials revealed signs of a major US information campaign aimed at discrediting the policies of China and the Chinese in particular with respect to Kazakhstan.

In addition, information about the appeal of the deputy of the Senate of the Republic of Kazakhstan N.Kylyshbaev with a request to Prime Minister B.Sagintayev concerning the infringement of the rights of Kazakhs in China in the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region and the Qinghai and Gansu provinces has become widespread. In the network appeared a large amount of material with complaints of Kazakhs on the attitude towards compatriots in China.

The primary source of information dissemination in most cases was the website of the “Radio Azattyk” (“Radio Liberty”) news agency, which is funded by the US Congress. In addition to the dissemination of this information, the online magazine “Vlast”, financed by the Soros-Kazakhstan Foundation, is connected, which unequivocally points to the customers of the materials.

The topic of Chinese expansion has been developing for a relatively long time, but only recently it has become more intensive and systematic. For the common man, the following line is built: “China oppressed the Kazakhs always, even in the distant past”, “China oppresses the Kazakhs today”, “In the future, China will completely enslave Kazakhstan.”

The exaggeration of this attitude led to the fact that Chinese investors are not particularly pleased with the process of doing business in Kazakhstan, noting the slow pace and reluctance of Kazakh partners to extend long-term work visas.

Against the background of what is happening, the leaders of the participating countries of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) are currently working on a draft resolution of the UN General Assembly (GA) on the rules of conduct of states in the information space. The draft will be presented at the next GA session.

At the moment, the Chinese economy is one of the most dynamic and rapidly developing, because China accounts for about 15% of world GDP (this is the third place after the European Union and the United States). Beijing seeks to promote its interests in the Central Asian region, by implementing the concept of “One Belt – One Way”. In the framework of achieving this goal, China is building relations with the states of Eurasia. First of all, China is interested in developing relations with the countries of Central Asia, the Caucasus and Eastern Europe.

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