Mr Fumio Kishida is the first Prime Minster to make a physical visit to India during the COVID 19 pandemic. He is the former Prime Minister Shinzo Abe ‘s handpicked successor. His rise to the frontline was his vow to counter China’s growing influence by closely working with USA and other like minded democracies. His visit enchanted Indian counterparts with the increased Japanese economic cooperation from US $ 33 billion to US $ 42 billion over the next five year. But, it frayed to enthuse corporate sector, preferring silence on Japanese investment in India.
The joint statement fell short of focusing on Japanese investment in India. This raised eyebrows on the urgency of Japanese Prime Minister visit to India. The world is in divisive on Russia’s invasion in Ukraine. Were India’s abstaining from UN resolution and maintaining a “balance” policy prompted Japanese Prime Minister to visit India, coveting economic cooperation?
Japanese investment nosedived by 39.5 percent in 2020-21. In contrast, total FDI in India surged during COVID 19 pandemic. Arguments were leveled against the real intent of the visit when Japan incentivized its investors to decouple from China and invest in other part of Asian countries, including India.
Foreign investment is crucial for India to ensure its bounce back in the economy. Japanese Investment has been the core issue for strong economic tie between the two nations. It is known for placing India in the global map for automobile industry and transforming Indian manufacturing in technology oriented and supply chain dynamism. Against these backdrops, silence over Japanese investment left Indian corporate in a big surprise, who were agog for special challenges to restore the investment. .
During pre-Covid period, Japan was one of the major foreign investors. In 2019-20, it was the third biggest investor in India. Why is it then the euphoric Japanese mood turned apathetic , while USA and UK investors were upbeat during the Covid period? According to survey reports, the downturn in profitability and suffering of losses by large Japanese investors gloomed the Japanese sentiment. More than 50 percent of Japanese investors surveyed in India projected losses in their operating profits in 2020. This is the highest among all nations of Japanese investment in the world. Ironically, the ratio of losses in China was at low margin, 19.5 percent. This reflects that even though Japanese government advocated incentives for decoupling from China and move to other Asian nations during pandemic, Japanese investors were reluctant to shift to India.
During the Abe regime, Indo-Japan relations were in the stream of new dynamism. There was a paradigm shift from mere bilateral economic relation to special strategic relation, including defence and global partnership. The relations extended to joint partnership for economic development in third countries and defence cooperation. Development of AAGC project ( Asia- Africa Growth Corridor) , joint cooperation for the development of Chabahar Port in Iran, strengthening of defence cooperation for national security with MOU in Defence cooperation were the cases of a new dimension in political and economic relations towards global partnership and defence cooperation. With the initiative of the Abe administration, a new strategy for defence cooperation was adopted for 2+2 Foreign and Defence Ministerial meetings in November 2019. Japan was the second country, after the USA, with which India had such a dialogue format. The dialogue had an eye on countering China’s expansionism. Two sides provided opportunities to give the strong spine to India-Japan special strategic and global partnership in political security.
The rise of China was a major concern for India and Japan and that became vital for the two countries to come together, according to a Chinese Director. “Any loss to China is a gain to India” became a new catchphrase. India poses a challenge to become an alternative destination for low-cost manufacturing. According to a Deloitte survey , India would be the “New China” in low-cost manufacturing countries in the next five years. With China losing the powerhouse of low-cost manufacturing competitiveness, five Asia Pacific nations would emerge the choice for low-cost manufacturing destinations in place of China. They are Malaysia, Thailand, Indonesia, Vietnam and India. India would be the front-runner, the survey said.
JBIC (Japan Bank for International Cooperation) in its 31 surveys 2019 , advocated India as the most attractive investment destination, leaving behind China and Vietnam at second and third positions respectively. In other words, China’s drop in attractiveness paved the way for India to rise to the top for investment destinations. India-Japan strategic partnership and engagement in defence cooperation demonstrate a major transformation in India-Japan relation from bilateral economy issues to political dynamism during the Abe regime Eventually, the strategic partnership led to a splurge in Japanese investment in India.
Given these, visit of Mr Kishida seemed to have evoked less aura . Media were reticent to hog the headlines. Less were talked in social media. Japan is a strategic partner of India. Instead, its strategic partnership weigh more in economic partnership than geopolitical affinity.