Brazil: More Than 10 Million Live In ‘Favela’ Slums


More than 11.4-million Brazilians are living in subnormal agglomerates, irregular settlements known as ‘favelas’, equivalent to 6% of the Brazilian population, according to a 2010 census carried out by the IBGE (Brazilian Geographic and Statistical Institute), which is gradually releasing the data.

Brazil counts a total of 6,329 ‘favelas’ situated in 323 of the 5,565 municipalities. The majority are in the Sao Paolo and Rio de Janeiro states, respectively 23.2% and 19.1%, in the rich South-East of the country.

“They are usually located in areas less adapt for urbanization, such as Rio’s hillsides, beaches in Fortaleza, deep valleys in Maceió (north-east state of Alagoas)”, indicates the IBGE.

Based on the census, 67.3% of the slum homes have hygienic services, 72.5% electric power, 88.3% water and 95.4% garbage collection services.


MISNA, or the Missionary International Service News Agency, provides daily news ‘from, about and for’ the 'world’s Souths', not just in the geographical sense, since December 1997.

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