ISSN 2330-717X

Estonia Joins Czech Republic And Poland In Offering Humanitarian Visas To Russians – OpEd


Most Russians at risk of persecution because of their opposition to the war in Ukraine and who have decided to move abroad have gone to countries like Armenia, Georgia and Turkey where Russians don’t need visas. But now they have a new option: three EU countries, Estonia, the Czech Republic and Poland are offering special humanitarian visas.


These visas, which in the Estonian case are part of a larger effort to assist democratic and European-oriented Russians are also being extended to Belarusians who are at risk of jail for their opposition to the Lukashenka regime ( and

In contrast to the more than 40,000 refugees Estonia has absorbed from Ukraine, the number of emigres that Baltic country has absorbed from the two other Slavic countries is quite small, certainly fewer than 100. But it is important intellectually and culturally for the future, Vadim Shtepa of Region, Expert says.

On the one hand, many of those wanting to leave Russia and Belarus are IT professionals who will find it easy to integrate into digital Estonia. And on the other, many of those coming from the east are members of Finno-Ugric nationalities who have the chance to develop their culture and its links with the broader Finno-Ugric world.

 The center of this new emigration in Estonia is the Reforum Space located next to the Estonian parliament at Toom-Kooli 1.

The two other Baltic republics have also been welcoming to Russian and Belarusian emigres although they do not have the same kind of humanitarian visas in place as yet. Vilnius is the headquarters of the Free Russia Forum, and Latvia has given long-term working visas to Russian journalists whose employers have been shuttered in Putin’s Russia.


As a result, the Dozhd television channel and Novaya Gazeta Yevropa have reopened in Riga.

Paul Goble

Paul Goble is a longtime specialist on ethnic and religious questions in Eurasia. Most recently, he was director of research and publications at the Azerbaijan Diplomatic Academy. Earlier, he served as vice dean for the social sciences and humanities at Audentes University in Tallinn and a senior research associate at the EuroCollege of the University of Tartu in Estonia. He has served in various capacities in the U.S. State Department, the Central Intelligence Agency and the International Broadcasting Bureau as well as at the Voice of America and Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty and at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. Mr. Goble maintains the Window on Eurasia blog and can be contacted directly at [email protected] .

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