Why A ‘Stronger Than Steel Friendship’ Can’t Save Pakistan Steel Mills? – OpEd


Islamabad’s decision to lay-off 4,544 employees of the debt-ridden Karachi based Pakistan Steel Mills [PSM] employees has ignited a political war between the government and Pakistan Peoples’ Party [PPP]. From a purely economic point of view, retrenchment on such a massive scale was inevitable since PSM has proved to be a liability with an accumulated debt of more that Rs. 200 billion with no scope of graduating into a profit making or even breaking-even venture. But laying-off such a large number of workers [and that too during covid19 pandemic] has raised serious concerns and given the PPP yet another good reason to attack the Imran Khan government. 

Whereas Federal Minister of Industries and Production, Hammad Azhar has claimed that the employees laid-off were being paid an amount equivalent to two year’s pay, in a tweet, PPP leader Bilawal Bhutto Zardari termed this large-scale sacking of PSM employees as the handiwork of a “heartless government” and vowed that his party “will not let the PTI get away with this economic murder.”  By adding that “PPP will return each and every one back to work. The land of this historical industrial asset belongs to the people of Sindh,” Bilawal has not only adroitly played the ethnic ‘Sindh card’, but also attempted to divert attention from the federal minister’s allegation that PSM had Rs 8 billion profit on its balance sheet when the PPP government came to power in 2008, but was left penniless when PPP was voted out in 2013.

By saying “There are valuable projects that are being neglected due to lack of resources. While we are ignoring them, we continue to spend billions on a non-operational unit [PSM] that is incurring huge losses every year,” Azar has made it clear that the government has no intention of reviving PSM and so, it will soon become history. While this approach would certainly upset those who have long associate PSM with the country’s industrial prowess, the federal minister’s reasoning that “we need to reconfigure our spending and focus on projects that need our attention,” certainly makes good sense. But there is another overriding reason- cash strapped Pakistan can longer afford to bailout ‘sick’ units and hence, PMS would have to be put up for ‘distress sale’! 

However, though Azar appears to be quite optimistic that bidding for PSM’s privatisation process would commence next year, but with a whopping debt of more than Rs 200 billion and in excess of 650 legal cases pending in courts, privatisation won’t be an easy task. But, since the federal minister has hinted that some Russian and Chinese companies have evinced interest in taking over PSM, it’s apparent that despite its financial and legal woes, Pakistan’s oldest steel mill definitely holds the promise of turning into a profit-making enterprise. This is because when it comes to buying-out loss making businesses based abroad, both Moscow and Beijing are extremely wary of investing and wouldn’t risk a dime unless profitability is assured.

So, if in Beijing’s eyes, PMS has the potential of becoming a commercially profitable project, then the moot point is that rather than trying to buy it out, why isn’t China offering help to Islamabad for reviving PMS? Let’s not forget that this factory provides sustenance to thousands of Pakistanis, and so, if Beijing genuinely considers Islamabad as its “all weather friend,” then wouldn’t it be more apt for it to extend a helping hand and assist the Government of Pakistan in putting PMS back on track? Or is it that its “all weather friend” rhetoric is applicable to only to grab those projects, like China Pakistan Economic Corridor [CPEC] and One Belt One Road [OBOR], that primarily benefit China?

In return for the extraordinary financial, diplomatic and military support it’s receiving from Beijing, Islamabad has been ‘repaying’ in equal measure bending backwards to appease its benefactor to the extent of even going ahead and compromising its traditional stand on the Kashmir issue by granting provincial status to Gilgit-Baltistan [GB]. However, the issue here is not about the philosophical or moral propriety of what Islamabad should do or avoid, but something far more mundane. Even if Beijing isn’t quite forthcoming on this issue, since Islamabad rates its relationship with Beijing as somethings that’s “higher than mountains, deeper than the ocean, stronger than steel and sweeter than honey,” couldn’t Prime Minister Imran Khan [or better still, army chief Gen Qamar Javed Bajwa] solicit Beijing’s financial benevolence and technical indulgence in restoring PMS to its past glory and also save thousands of its employees from being rendered jobless? But let’s not belittle Beijing because it has walked much more than the extra mile for the sake of Pakistan. 

When UNSC refused to entertain Islamabad’s request for a meeting to discuss Kashmir after abrogation of Article 370, it was Beijing who brokered a face-saving compromise through a ‘closed door’ meeting. When cash-starved Pakistan was unable return a USD 1 billion loan to Saudi Arabia, it was Beijing that came to Islamabad’s rescue by lending it this amount, without any collateral. When global terror financing watchdog Financial Action Task Force [FATF] retained Pakistan on its grey-list for not doing enough to curb money laundering and terror financing, China was the only country in the world that praised Islamabad for having “made enormous efforts in improving its counter-terror financing system.” 

Some may say that when Beijing has already done so much for Islamabad, expecting it to intervene an inconsequential issue like turning around PMS is an outlandish idea, and probably it may be so.  However, China’s keen interest in acquiring PMS but it’s unwillingness in helping Pakistan in revive this ailing steel mill conveys the clear message that whereas writing eulogies on friendship may work wonders in boosting the ‘feel-good’ factor, it still cannot dispel the harsh truth that when it comes to international relations, there is permanency only in interests and not friendship!

One only wishes that the honeymoon of starry-eyed and ballad composing Islamabad with Beijing continues forever. But while hoping for the best, it may do Islamabad a lot of good to be prepared for the worst- because in todays’ world, the one certain thing is that there are no free lunches.

Nilesh Kunwar

Nilesh Kunwar is a retired Indian Army Officer who has served in Jammu & Kashmir, Assam, Nagaland and Manipur. He is a ‘Kashmir-Watcher,’ and now after retirement is pursuing his favorite hobby of writing for newspapers, journals and think tanks.

One thought on “Why A ‘Stronger Than Steel Friendship’ Can’t Save Pakistan Steel Mills? – OpEd

  • December 3, 2020 at 10:01 am

    No free lunches are most true about China is well put across. Pakistan like many other nations will be falling into Chinese debt traps with no other option but to hand over the Pakistan Steel Mills (PSM) as Chinese companies have shown interest in taking over PSM and this will happen at a throw away deal! However the Chinese know it well that they are not welcomed in SINDH but are hated and insist on Pakistan to provide the desired security. The Sindhis are convinced that Pakistan is eating away their resources without sharing the benefits. The honeymooning days will convert the country into a colony of China.


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