The Politics Of Hate In Pakistan: Promoting Intolerance For Political Gain – OpEd


Pakistan, a nation known for its rich cultural diversity and vibrant heritage, is currently grappling with a troubling phenomenon: the rise of hate politics. In recent years, political parties in the country have increasingly employed divisive rhetoric, hate speech, and intolerance as strategies to secure their agendas and gain electoral support. This piece shed light on the politics of hate in Pakistan, exploring the strategies employed, the consequences for society, and the pressing need for transformative change.

The political landscape in Pakistan has witnessed the alarming growth of hate politics, characterized by the divisive tactics employed by various political actors. This includes:

Divisive Rhetoric: Political leaders often resort to rhetoric that deepens the existing fault lines within Pakistani society. Divisive narratives based on ethnicity, religion, and sect are frequently utilized to mobilize their electoral base.

Religious Extremism: Some political parties engage in opportunistic alliances with extremist religious groups, thereby exacerbating religious intolerance and radicalization.

Ethnic Tensions: Ethnic-based parties have capitalized on regional differences and conflicts, promoting divisive narratives that intensify tensions between different regions and communities.

Exploiting Religious Sentiments

Blasphemy Accusations: Politicians have been known to exploit blasphemy allegations to gain electoral support. Unfortunately, such tactics endanger the lives of individuals falsely accused of blasphemy, undermining the principles of justice and equality.

Misuse of Religious Institutions: Some political parties manipulate religious institutions to advance their political interests, further blurring the lines between religion and politics.

Polarization and Conflict

Hate politics frequently leads to social polarization and conflicts

Sectarian Strife: Divisive political rhetoric often stokes sectarian violence, resulting in tragic consequences for communities and the nation as a whole.

Ethnic Clashes: Political parties that fuel ethnic tensions contribute to violent clashes that claim innocent lives and disrupt communal harmony.

Impact on Minority Communities

Discrimination: Hate politics marginalizes religious and ethnic minority groups, leaving them vulnerable to discrimination, persecution, and violence.

Intolerance: The culture of intolerance perpetuated by hate politics discourages diversity and hinders the nation’s progress towards inclusivity and acceptance.

Political parties employ hate politics as part of their election strategies

Vote-Bank Politics: Parties use hate politics to secure the support of specific constituencies, often at the expense of unity and national cohesion.

Political Alliances: In their quest for electoral success, some parties form alliances with extremist groups, undermining efforts to combat radicalism and extremism.

Hate politics in Pakistan has international ramifications

Diplomatic Challenges: The adoption of hate politics can strain international relations and harm Pakistan’s image on the global stage, leading to diplomatic challenges and isolation.

Security Concerns: Radicalization fueled by hate politics poses security threats beyond Pakistan’s borders, impacting regional and global stability.

The Need for Change

Accountability: Holding politicians accountable for hate speech and incitement to violence is crucial. Legal mechanisms should be strengthened to deter such behavior.

Civic Education: Promoting tolerance, diversity, and inclusivity through education is a long-term solution that can counteract the divisive narratives of hate politics.

Interfaith Dialogue: Encouraging dialogue among religious leaders of different faiths can foster understanding and harmony, promoting religious tolerance.

Electoral Reforms: Reforming the electoral system to discourage hate politics, such as introducing campaign finance regulations, is necessary for lasting change.

Civil Society Engagement: Civil society organizations must play a pivotal role in advocating for tolerance, inclusivity, and accountability. They can act as a bridge between communities and political leaders, promoting dialogue and reconciliation.


The rise of hate politics in Pakistan poses a grave threat to the nation’s social fabric, security, and international standing. To build a prosperous and harmonious Pakistan, it is imperative to challenge and transform the culture of hate politics. Through accountability, education, dialogue, electoral reforms, and civil society engagement, Pakistan can pave the way for a more inclusive and tolerant future. In such a future, diversity is celebrated, and hatred is categorically rejected, fostering a society that truly embodies the principles of unity, faith, and discipline. 

Shehla Rahim

Shehla Rahim specializes in South Asian affairs. She can be reached at: [email protected]

One thought on “The Politics Of Hate In Pakistan: Promoting Intolerance For Political Gain – OpEd

  • October 9, 2023 at 8:01 am

    The author has rightly analysed the Hate factor in all spheres. Pakistan’s history has been that it was built through discriminatory hatred, radicalized population and promoted ethnic cleansing.The madrasas teach jihad to produce terrorists, schools teach history of haltered as the country has no history as it was born through hatred by dividing INDIA by the British in 1947. To exist and prosper peacefully need to return the illegally occupied J&K to India as per the wishes of the people of Gilgit and Baltistani citizens. Treat every Pakistani citizens equally be it Hindus, Ahamdias, Sikhs, Christians etc and empower the women . Introduce secular, democratic values. Teach your citizens to live in harmony with neighbours in peaceful coexistence.
    Remember your ancestors were Buddhists and Hindus, teach your citizens to be proud of that lineage.


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