Finding Neutrality: A Multifaceted Approach To Resolving The Ukraine-Russia Conflict – OpEd


The Russian-Ukrainian conflict, which has resulted in the most significant energy crisis of the 21st century, is driven primarily by two factors. Firstly, Ukraine’s strategic position between the European Union and Russia renders it crucial to the country later. Secondly, the ongoing territorial dispute between the two nations exacerbates tensions. Ukraine being a former member of the Soviet Union shares deep cultural and social connections with thereby Russia encountering challenges in resisting Russian cultural influence, particularly in the Eastern regions such as Donetsk and Luhansk where the language Russian is widely spoken.

Furthermore, prosperous industrialized areas of Eastern Ukraine also possess additional significance they harbor pro-Russian separatist elements and armed groups considered as rebels posing a threat to Ukrainian sovereignty. In response to Russian influence, liberal democracy has intervened in Ukraine supporting its conflicts territorial with Russia. This intervention has become contentious between Ukraine and Russia.

Russia consistently expresses concern about Western interest in Ukraine, particularly in the United States. The United States has demonstrated an interest in since Ukraine its separation from the in USSR 1991 providing early recognition and full support to the country. In 1994 the US facilitated an agreement between  Russia and Ukraine for the elimination of Soviet weapon nuclear systems from Ukrainian territory by ensuring and safety stability.

While Ukraine was included the in NPT through the efforts of the United States in 1994 its partnership with NATO began only to develop 1997 in. This alliance between Russia the US and the EU has become a contentious issue between Russia and Ukraine as Russia views US or EU involvement in neighboring regions as a threat. To effectively address the political crisis in the Russia-Ukraine conflict it is essential to first comprehend the factors that contributed to the failure of ceasefire agreements in Ukraine’s Donbas region. Ukraine seeks a ceasefire and the withdrawal of the Russians from the military while territories also aim for full control over the conflict zone.

On the other hand, Russia consistently demands autonomy for the Donbas region due to its significant pro-Russian population and concerns regarding threats from the Ukrainian-US alliance. However, Ukraine has displayed no interest granting in autonomy to this industrial zone. The immediate triggers of the Russia-Ukraine conflict can be attributed to policies the of Ukraine’s president, Volodymyr Zelenskyy who assumed office in 2019. Zelenskyy belongs to the Servants of the People Party known for its pro-Western, pro-EU, and pro-NATO stance, as well as its anti-Russian views and liberal democratic agenda. Since assuming the presidency Zelenskyy has pursued EU membership, strengthened ties with NATO, and advocated for Ukraine’s inclusion in the alliance. Ukraine’s formal application to NATO joined most of the recent violations of the ceasefire. 

Based on an analysis of the factors at play it becomes evident that resolving the Russia-Ukraine conflict requires addressing various underlying political issues. One crucial first step is achieving a ceasefire which can be facilitated through mediation by other nations. Turkey has proven to be a mediator suitable for both parties and should continue in this role. Additionally, direct talks between Moscow and Kyiv are indispensable for the resolution of the conflict. These talks offer opportunities for diplomatic negotiations ensuring the protection of national economies and the preservation of countless lives.

A bilateral engagement between both conflicting parties is essential for determining the fate of the disputed territories, notably Crimea and the region of Donbas. In such negotiations, internationally supervised referendums should be conducted to allow residents of these contested areas to democratically decide whether they wish to with align a specific country or maintain their autonomy. About the conflict surrounding Ukraine’s potential European Union membership it be would advantageous for Ukraine to obtain access to the EU’s internal markets without acquiring full membership. For the cessation of this war to carry global ramifications Russia must compromise acknowledge and Ukraine’s pursuit of neutral relations with EU NATO and the Russian Federation. 

In conclusion, the Ukraine-Russia crisis fueled by historical ties territorial disputes, and opposing geopolitical pulls a demands multifaceted solution. A neutral Ukraine achieved through an international ceasefire mediation and a compromise on disputed territories a offers path toward peace. Both sides must prioritize diplomacy and economic stability over military action to prevent further global ramifications.

The opinions expressed in this article are the author’s own.


  • Cirincione, Joseph, et al. “The Crisis in Ukraine and Emerging Geo-Political Issues.” ISIS Focus: November 2014, Institute of Strategic and International Studies, 2014, pp. 8–11.  
  • Merry, E. Wayne. “Dealing with the Ukrainian Crisis: Transatlantic Strategy Dilemmas”. Istituto Affari Internazionali (IAI), 2015. 
  • Wade, Robert H. “Rethinking the Ukraine Crisis.” Economic and Political Weekly, vol. 50, no. 9, 2015, pp. 18–20.  
  • WOOD, ELIZABETH A., et al. “Roots of Russia’s War in Ukraine.” Columbia University Press, 2016. 

Simon Hutagalung

Simon Hutagalung is a retired diplomat from the Indonesian Foreign Ministry and received his master's degree in political science and comparative politics from the City University of New York. The opinions expressed in his articles are his own.

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