Belarus Isn’t Another Crimea Whatever Putin Thinks – OpEd


Alyaksandr Lukashenka doesn’t want to have his country absorbed by Russia because that would cost him and family their power and perhaps even more, Roman Popkov says.  But a far greater obstacle to an Anschluss like Crimea is “the lack of desire of the broad masses of the Belarusian people” to give up the independent state they have lived in.

“Not all of these supporters of a sovereign Belarus,” the Russian opposition commentator says, “are convinced members of the opposition. Not all of them consider the white-red-white flag as their own. But the overwhelming majority of Belarusians while viewing the Russians as ‘our own’ and as ‘brothers’ do not want to become Russians.”

And in this respect, Belarus is not Crimea, something that those who have taken to the streets in Minsk this weekend have been trying to ensure that Vladimir Putin and his regime finally understand ( It is a message the Kremlin leader must finally accept.

If he takes any actions to destroy the political independence of Belarus, Popkov says, that will “inevitably transform the relatively small march of opposition figures into a much broader popular movement of protest and attitudes toward Russians as ‘our own’ and ‘brothers’ will in an instant disappear.”

 The proximate cause of the protests in Minsk this weekend is Alyaksandr Lukashenka’s meeting with Vladimir Putin in Sochi, a meeting that many in Belarus fear will lead to an agreement on the real creation of a union state, something that would solve Putin’s 2024 problem but only at the cost of destroying the hopes and expectations of many Belarusians.

Despite Lukashenka’s repressions and the absence of an independent media in Belarus, the Belarusian opposition has more in common with the Ukrainians of the Maidan than with the Russian opposition. It is proud of its country and does not want to see anyone else dictate terms to it, Popkov says.

At the same time, however, there is one major difference between the opposition in Belarus and that in Russia and Ukraine: it consists mostly of those who are middle aged or older rather than the young who quite obviously have a greater interest in making a European choice than anyone else.

Because that is so, Popkov concludes, for the moment, the chief guarantor of Belarusian sovereignty is not the passion of the opposition but the fears of Lukashenka – although that too could change instantly if Moscow were to try to conduct a Crimea-style Anschluss in its Western neighbor.

Paul Goble

Paul Goble is a longtime specialist on ethnic and religious questions in Eurasia. Most recently, he was director of research and publications at the Azerbaijan Diplomatic Academy. Earlier, he served as vice dean for the social sciences and humanities at Audentes University in Tallinn and a senior research associate at the EuroCollege of the University of Tartu in Estonia. He has served in various capacities in the U.S. State Department, the Central Intelligence Agency and the International Broadcasting Bureau as well as at the Voice of America and Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty and at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. Mr. Goble maintains the Window on Eurasia blog and can be contacted directly at [email protected] .

One thought on “Belarus Isn’t Another Crimea Whatever Putin Thinks – OpEd

  • December 11, 2019 at 5:43 pm

    Walter, as a Belarusian, I’d just like to say that you’re wrong.
    You Americans literally speak the same language, albeit with different accents. Belarus, not Belorussia (the Rus is for Ruthenia, or the ancestors of Ukrainians and Belarusians) does not want to lose their independence, just as Ukraine. In fact, Belarusian language is closer to Polish than Russian, so we might as well become part of Poland.
    Why should we become part of a dictatorial state that forces minorities to become Muscovites? We shouldn’t.
    Respectfully, I ask you to do more research.


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