Classroom Learning: Not Old But Gold Method Of Teaching – OpEd


Classroom instruction is the teaching and learning that takes place in a traditional classroom setting, where a teacher or instructor presents lessons and information to a group of students. This form of instruction has been the primary method of education for centuries and remains widely used in schools and educational institutions worldwide.

Key elements of classroom instruction include:

a. Teacher-Led Learning: In a typical classroom, the teacher takes on the role of the primary knowledge provider and facilitator. They plan and deliver lessons, engage students in discussions, answer questions, and provide guidance throughout the learning process.

b. Student Interaction: Classroom instruction encourages student-to-student interaction and collaboration. Students may participate in group discussions, work on projects together, and engage in peer learning activities.

c. Visual Aids and Teaching Resources: Teachers often use visual aids like whiteboards, projectors, slideshows, and other multimedia tools to enhance the learning experience and make complex topics more accessible.

d. Classroom Management: The teacher is responsible for maintaining discipline and creating a positive learning environment. Effective classroom management ensures that students can focus on the lesson and interact respectfully with each other.

e. Assessment and Feedback: Assessments, such as tests, quizzes, projects, and homework, are used to evaluate student progress and understanding. Teachers provide feedback on students’ work to help them improve and grow academically.

f. Adaptation to Learning Styles: Skilled teachers adjust their instruction to accommodate different learning styles and academic abilities, aiming to reach and engage all students effectively.

g. Questioning and Critical Thinking: Teachers use questioning techniques to stimulate critical thinking and encourage students to analyze, evaluate, and apply what they have learned.

h. Classroom Dynamics: The classroom environment plays a significant role in instruction. A positive and supportive atmosphere can foster enthusiasm for learning and encourage active participation.

i. Curriculum Implementation: Classroom instruction follows a structured curriculum or syllabus that outlines the content to be covered during the academic year.

While traditional classroom instruction is still widely practiced, the advancement of technology has led to the emergence of various blended learning models that combine in-person teaching with online elements. 

Origin of class room teaching

The concept of gathering students in a designated space to receive instruction from a teacher or mentor has evolved over thousands of years. A brief overview of the historical origins of classroom learning includes:

a. Ancient Civilizations: The origins of formal education can be found in ancient civilizations such as Mesopotamia, Egypt, Greece, and Rome. In these societies, there were institutions or schools where young individuals were taught various subjects, including reading, writing, mathematics, philosophy, and rhetoric.

b. Medieval European Universities: In the Middle Ages, European universities emerged as centers of learning. Professors (masters) would deliver lectures to groups of students, and this lecture-based teaching became a foundational aspect of classroom instruction.

c. Monastic and Cathedral Schools: Before universities were established, monastic and cathedral schools played a significant role in education. Monks and clerics would educate novices and young scholars within the confines of monasteries and cathedrals.

d. Madrasas and Mosques: In the Islamic world, madrasas (educational institutions) were established as early as the 9th century, where scholars taught various subjects related to Islamic theology, law, philosophy, science, and mathematics.

e. Ancient Chinese Education: In ancient China, Confucian schools and academies were vital centers of learning. Students would gather to study classical texts, history, philosophy, and the arts.

f. Industrial Revolution: The Industrial Revolution brought about changes in education. With the need for an educated workforce, schools became more organized, and classroom learning became a fundamental aspect of mass education.

g. Modern Educational Systems: Over time, educational systems around the world evolved to include various grade levels, specialized subjects, and standardized curricula. Classroom learning became the primary mode of instruction in schools, colleges, and universities.

It is important to note that while classroom learning has a long history, educational practices and methods have continuously evolved to adapt to changing societies, technologies, and pedagogical approaches. 

Benefits of classroom learning

Classroom learning offers several benefits that contribute to effective education and the overall development of students whose  advantages include:

a. Face-to-Face Interaction: Classroom learning facilitates direct, in-person interaction between teachers and students. This personal connection allows students to ask questions, seek clarification, and engage in real-time discussions with their instructors, promoting a deeper understanding of the subject matter.

b. Immediate Feedback: In a classroom setting, teachers can provide immediate feedback on students’ progress and performance. This instant feedback helps students identify areas of improvement and build upon their strengths, enhancing the learning process.

c. Social Interaction and Collaboration: Classroom learning encourages social interaction among students. Working together on projects, participating in group discussions, and engaging in classroom activities foster teamwork, communication skills, and cooperation.

d. Structured Learning Environment: Classrooms offer a structured and organized learning environment. The presence of a teacher helps maintain discipline, focus, and a sense of routine, which can be beneficial for students’ academic progress.

e. Adaptability and Differentiated Instruction: Skilled teachers can adapt their teaching methods to accommodate different learning styles and individual needs. They can employ various instructional strategies to ensure that all students can grasp the material effectively.

f. In-person Support and Guidance: Teachers can observe students’ behaviours and responses in the classroom, enabling them to identify struggles or challenges early on.

g. Real-Time Clarification of Doubts: In a classroom, students can seek immediate clarification for any doubts they may have. This instant clarification prevents misconceptions from persisting and ensures students are on the right track.

h. Peer Learning and Knowledge Sharing: Classroom settings provide opportunities for students to learn from their peers. Students can share ideas, perspectives, and experiences, enriching the learning environment with diverse insights.

i. Active Learning Opportunities: Classroom learning often involves various interactive and hands-on activities, which actively engage students in the learning process. Active learning enhances retention and understanding of the material.

j. Opportunities for Character Development: Beyond academics, classrooms offer opportunities for character development and the nurturing of important life skills like teamwork, problem-solving, time management, and critical thinking.

k. Incorporation of Multimedia and Visual Aids: Teachers can use multimedia resources and visual aids in classrooms to enhance learning experiences, making complex concepts more accessible and engaging.

As a result, blended learning approaches, which combine classroom instruction with online learning and other methods, are becoming increasingly popular to cater to a broader range of learners effectively.

Dr. Rajkumar Singh

Dr. Rajkumar Singh is a University Professor for the last 20 years and presently Head of the P.G. Department of Political Science, B.N. Mandal University, West Campus, P.G. Centre,Saharsa (Bihar), India. In addition to 17 books published so far there are over 250 articles to his credit out of which above 100 are from 30 foreign countries. His recent published books include Transformation of modern Pak Society-Foundation, Militarisation, Islamisation and Terrorism (Germany, 2017),and New Surroundings of Pak Nuclear Bomb (Mauritius, 2018). He is an authority on Indian Politics and its relations with foreign countries.

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