Indian Society In Era Of Globalization: Prospects Ahead – OpEd


In the era ofglobalisation India has proved itself as the economic power house of global economy because it  is one of the world’s largest economies and has been experiencing steady economic growth. As a result, it has become an attractive market for international businesses and a hub for foreign direct investment.

The Indian market has a significant impact on global trade and plays a vital role in shaping international economic dynamics. For decades, it is renowned for its skilled workforce, particularly in sectors such as information technology, engineering, healthcare, and finance. Indian professionals contribute to various global industries and fill crucial roles in multinational corporations around the world. The availability of a large talent pool from India has a direct impact on global labour markets and competitiveness.

In the present Indian society, soft power derived from its cultural heritage, philosophy, and values, has a global impact. India’s traditions of yoga, meditation, and spirituality have gained immense popularity worldwide. The teachings of great Indian thinkers and philosophers have influenced global intellectual discourse and shaped global perspectives on various issues.

All alike, India plays an active role in international diplomacy and global governance. It is a member of major international organizations such as the United Nations, G20, BRICS, and WTO. India’s participation in global forums and its engagement in multilateral agreements and negotiations have a significant impact on shaping global policies and fostering international cooperation. Over the decades and years, India has witnessed innovative social initiatives and development models that have gained global recognition.

In addition, India’s experiences and approaches in addressing issues such as poverty, healthcare, education, climate change, and sustainable development can provide valuable lessons and insights for other nations facing similar challenges. 

Perspectives of India

Indian society holds significant importance in the global perspective due to various reasons.

a. Population Size and Demographic Dividend: India is the second-most populous country in the world, with a rapidly growing population. Its large workforce and young demographic profile make it an attractive market and a potential source of talent for global companies. India’s population also has implications for global issues such as sustainability, resource management, and urbanization.

b. Economic Growth and Market Potential: India’s growing economy and market potential make it a significant player in the global economy. It is one of the fastest-growing major economies, with a burgeoning middle class and a growing consumer market. As a result, multinational corporations and businesses from around the world are keen to tap into the Indian market.

c. Technological Innovation and IT Services: India has emerged as a global hub for information technology (IT) services and software development. Indian IT companies provide services to clients worldwide and have played a vital role in driving global technological advancements. India’s software engineers and IT professionals contribute to innovation and digital transformation on a global scale.

d. Cultural Influence and Soft Power: Indian culture, including its music, films, literature, and spiritual practices, has gained global recognition and has significant soft power. Indian cinema, particularly Bollywood, has a vast international audience, and yoga and meditation practices have become popular worldwide. Indian cuisine, fashion, and traditional arts also have a global appeal and influence.

e. Global Challenges and Collaborations: India’s participation in global forums, such as the United Nations, G20, and BRICS, positions it as a key player in addressing global challenges. India actively engages in discussions on climate change, sustainable development, public health, and other global issues. Collaborations with other nations are essential for addressing shared challenges and achieving common goals.

f. Cultural and Religious Diversity: India’s rich cultural and religious diversity offers a unique perspective to global discussions on multiculturalism, interfaith dialogue, and social harmony. The experience of managing diverse identities and fostering coexistence can serve as a valuable example for other societies grappling with similar challenges.

g. Social Innovations and Grassroots Initiatives: Indian society has witnessed numerous social innovations and grassroots initiatives aimed at addressing societal issues. From microfinance to community-led initiatives for rural development, India’s social sector showcases innovative approaches that have the potential for global relevance and impact.

h. Knowledge and Intellectual Capital: India has a rich intellectual tradition, with a long history of scholarship, philosophy, and scientific advancements. Indian scholars and scientists contribute to global research and innovation in various fields, including medicine, engineering, space exploration, and social sciences.

In summary, Indian society’s significance in the global perspective is shaped by its population size, economic growth, cultural influence, technological contributions, diaspora connections, and its ability to address global challenges and foster collaborations.

Challenges of Indian society

Indian society faces several challenges in the context of globalization which largely include:

a. Economic Inequality: Globalization has led to economic growth and job opportunities, but it has also widened the wealth gap between the rich and the poor. The benefits of globalization have not been evenly distributed, and marginalized sections of society often struggle to access these benefits. Income disparities have intensified, leading to social and economic inequalities.

b. Cultural Assimilation and Identity: The influence of Western culture, consumerism, and global trends has raised concerns about the erosion of traditional values and cultural identity in Indian society. There is often a clash between traditional and modern values, leading to debates about cultural preservation and the impact on social norms and customs.

c. Unemployment and Underemployment: While globalization has created job opportunities in certain sectors, it has also resulted in job displacement and structural unemployment in traditional industries. Many Indians face underemployment, working in informal or low-paying jobs that do not fully utilize their skills and qualifications. The transition to a globalized economy has presented challenges in terms of skill development and job matching.

d. Environmental Degradation: Globalization has led to increased production, consumption, and industrialization, which have put a strain on the environment. Issues such as air and water pollution, deforestation, and resource depletion have become more prominent. Balancing economic growth with environmental sustainability has become a major challenge for Indian society.

e. Social Dislocation: Globalization has brought about rapid urbanization and migration, leading to social dislocation and challenges in urban areas. Rapid population growth in cities has resulted in issues such as inadequate infrastructure, housing shortages, and increased social inequality. There is a need for comprehensive urban planning and social policies to address these challenges.

f. Agricultural Challenges: Globalization has impacted the agricultural sector in India. While it has opened up markets and facilitated the export of agricultural products, small-scale farmers often face challenges in competing with global players. 

Dr. Rajkumar Singh

Dr. Rajkumar Singh is a University Professor for the last 20 years and presently Head of the P.G. Department of Political Science, B.N. Mandal University, West Campus, P.G. Centre,Saharsa (Bihar), India. In addition to 17 books published so far there are over 250 articles to his credit out of which above 100 are from 30 foreign countries. His recent published books include Transformation of modern Pak Society-Foundation, Militarisation, Islamisation and Terrorism (Germany, 2017),and New Surroundings of Pak Nuclear Bomb (Mauritius, 2018). He is an authority on Indian Politics and its relations with foreign countries.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *