Bin Laden: The ‘Face’ Is Dead, The ‘Base’ Remains? – Analysis

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The death of Osama bin Laden in the hands of US special operations forces is momentous and represents one of the most significant counter-terrorism achievements in last several years. It is a tremendous setback to Al Qaeda (literally meaning ‘the base’) and its affiliates worldwide. The news is comforting to the surviving relatives of thousands of AQ’s victims in the US and worldwide. Although it is still early days, there are bound to be speculations how easy will it be for the US to pull out of the Afghan conflict theatre? How the reconciliation bid with the Taliban will progress for the Taliban is now without the services of its big brother? How the achievement will boost the re-election bid of President Obama?

Given that the Pakistani involvement in the months’ long preparation and ultimate hunt down of Bin Laden in proximity of Pakistan’s political capital Islamabad was almost insignificant, questions can be asked about the nature of US-Pak counter-terrorism cooperation. In spite of the public posturing regarding the cooperation between the two countries by leaders of respective countries, there were clear elements of distrust and US chose to carry out operations on its own. The ISI was kept out of the entire operation, possibly to avoid any leakage of sensitive information. As is clearly established now, this was the right way of going about achieving the task.

Bin Laden has certainly been AQ’s symbol and face. But he was also a terrorist on the run and hiding for survival, for the past several years. It is not clear to what extent he led AQ’s operational aspects all these years? Was he an irreplaceable leader without whom the outfit will fall apart? Is the AQ capable of staging a comeback? Will it survive the setback? These are questions, the coming days and months will answer.

In spite of these preliminary and important questions, fact remains that terrorism, all these years, needed a big setback. That’s arrived. Irrespective of the turn AQ affiliated terrorism takes hereafter, there is no doubt that this is a big moment and a moment to cherish and rejoice.

Dr. Bibhu Prasad Routray

Dr. Bibhu Prasad Routray served as a Deputy Director in the National Security Council Secretariat, Government of India and Director of the Institute for Conflict Management (ICM)’s Database & Documentation Centre, Guwahati, Assam. He was a Visiting Research Fellow at the South Asia programme of the S. Rajaratnam School of International Studies, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore between 2010 and 2012. Routray specialises in decision-making, governance, counter-terrorism, force modernisation, intelligence reforms, foreign policy and dissent articulation issues in South and South East Asia. His writings, based on his projects and extensive field based research in Indian conflict theatres of the Northeastern states and the left-wing extremism affected areas, have appeared in a wide range of academic as well policy journals, websites and magazines.

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