Pakistan: Crackdown On Smugglers And Black Market Amid Economic Crisis – OpEd


Pakistan facing with a worsening economic crisis, has launched a comprehensive crackdown on smugglers and black marketers across the country. The caretaker Interior Minister, Sarfaraz Bugti, made this announcement during a press conference in Islamabad, emphasizing the severity of the economic challenges Pakistan faces. The move comes as the nation grapples with depleting foreign exchange reserves, sharp currency devaluation, and record-high inflation, with efforts to stabilize the economy ongoing. The state machinery is behind these efforts in order to cope with the worsening economic crisis. 

Over the past year, Pakistan has found itself embroiled in a deepening economic crisis, with multiple indicators signaling distress. Key factors contributing to this crisis include:

Depleting Foreign Exchange Reserves: Pakistan’s foreign exchange reserves have been steadily dwindling, putting pressure on the country’s ability to meet external financial obligations.

Currency Devaluation: The Pakistani Rupee has experienced sharp devaluation, affecting the purchasing power of citizens and increasing the cost of imports.

Soaring Inflation: Inflation rates have reached record highs, resulting in the erosion of real incomes and increased financial strain on households.

IMF Bailout and Stabilization Measures

In June, Pakistan averted a potential default by securing a critical $3 billion bailout package from the International Monetary Fund (IMF). To address the economic challenges and stabilize the country’s finances, Pakistan has initiated several measures:

Currency Smuggling Curbs: Efforts have been made to curb currency smuggling, which contributes to destabilizing the exchange rate and external reserves.

Hoarding Controls: Measures have been implemented to deter hoarding of essential commodities, preventing artificial shortages and price hikes.

Crackdown on Smugglers and Black Marketers

Interior Minister Sarfaraz Bugti, speaking at the press conference, reiterated the commitment of all state institutions to eliminate the issues of smuggling and hoarding that have been plaguing Pakistan. He warned of the severity of these problems and stated, “Consider this a warning from our side. Everyone has decided to go to the extreme against this menace. These are the evils due to which our country is bleeding.”

Bugti emphasized a “zero tolerance” approach toward both smuggling and hoarding, signaling the government’s determination to tackle these issues head-on. Smugglers have not only evaded taxes but also disrupted markets and contributed to inflation, disproportionately affecting taxpayers and vulnerable communities.

In addition to targeting smugglers and black marketers, Pakistani authorities have taken action against individuals involved in ‘hawala’ and ‘hundi’ businesses, illegal means of remitting money. These underground financial systems have been conduits for unregulated and illicit financial flows.

The government’s efforts extend beyond enforcement to engage the public in the fight against hoarding and smuggling. Minister Bugti revealed that the government plans to announce rewards for individuals providing information about hoarders and smugglers. This approach aims to foster public participation in curbing these illicit activities.


Pakistan’s interim government, faced with a daunting economic crisis, has taken a decisive step in cracking down on smugglers and black marketers. With a commitment to zero tolerance for these menaces, the government aims to stabilize the country’s economy, protect the interests of taxpayers and vulnerable populations, and restore fiscal discipline. As Pakistan navigates its economic challenges, it remains to be seen how effective these measures will be in curbing smuggling and hoarding and ultimately steering the nation toward financial recovery. 

Muhammad Imran

Muhammad Imran is a Karachi based columnist and has a MPhil in international relations from the University of Karachi, Pakistan.

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