The Resurgence Of CASA-1000 In Energy Diplomacy – OpEd


The Resurgence of CASA-1000 in Energy Diplomacy marks a pivotal moment in regional collaboration and sustainable development. This initiative, aimed at transmitting electricity from Central Asia to South Asia, has witnessed a renewed commitment, sparking optimism for enhanced energy connectivity and economic cooperation. 

As countries along the CASA-1000 corridor rekindle their efforts, the project is poised to not only address energy deficits but also foster diplomatic ties among participating nations. This revival underscores the significance of cross-border energy initiatives in contemporary diplomacy, emphasizing the potential for shared prosperity and stability through cooperative ventures. The narrative of CASA-1000’s resurgence in energy diplomacy reflects a collective commitment to harnessing the power of collaboration for the benefit of the entire region. 

In a significant move towards regional connectivity and energy cooperation, the office of the Deputy Prime Minister for Economic Affairs in Afghanistan has announced its commitment to resume practical work on several pivotal transit and energy projects that will strengthen ties between Central Asia and South Asia through Afghanistan. These projects, including CASA-1000, TAP, TAPI Pipeline, and the Turkmenistan-Uzbekistan-Tajikistan-Afghanistan-Pakistan (TUTAP) Power Project, hold the promise of not only enhancing Afghanistan’s energy security but also bolstering its economic growth.

CASA-1000: Powering a Brighter Future

One of the most notable projects among these is CASA-1000, which involves the transmission of electricity from Kyrgyzstan to Tajikistan and then to Afghanistan and Pakistan. The Ministry of Energy and Water in Afghanistan has emphasized the importance of this venture, highlighting that Afghanistan stands to gain 300 megawatts of much-needed power from it. This not only addresses Afghanistan’s energy deficits but also contributes to its economic development.

Matiullah Abid, the spokesperson for the Ministry of Energy and Water, underlined the significance of CASA-1000 by stating that a significant portion of the project has already been completed within Afghanistan. The progress made so far is a testament to the country’s commitment to realizing its energy potential and becoming a vital bridge between Central and South Asia.

Another critical project, the Turkmenistan-Afghanistan-Pakistan (TAP) pipeline, aims to transport natural gas from Turkmenistan through Afghanistan into Pakistan. This endeavor not only strengthens energy security in the region but also fosters economic cooperation between these nations. As Afghanistan emerges as a key player in the energy sector, it is poised to benefit significantly from TAP.

TAPI Pipeline: A Transnational Lifeline

The Turkmenistan-Afghanistan-Pakistan-India (TAPI) pipeline, a transnational natural gas project, has the potential to be a game-changer for Afghanistan’s economy. It promises substantial revenue generation, job opportunities, and increased energy accessibility. While challenges remain, the resumption of work on this project signals a brighter future for Afghanistan’s economic stability.

The Turkmenistan-Uzbekistan-Tajikistan-Afghanistan-Pakistan (TUTAP) Power Project is yet another essential initiative that seeks to harness the region’s energy resources for the collective benefit. As work on this project resumes, Afghanistan is well-positioned to meet a significant portion of its power demands, fostering industrial growth and economic development.

Despite the promising revival of these projects, it is important to acknowledge that Afghanistan’s path forward is not without obstacles. The suspension of international development aid since the Islamic Emirate assumed power has added complexity to the country’s economic situation. However, the Afghan government’s commitment to regional cooperation and energy projects demonstrates its determination to secure a brighter future for its people.


The resumption of work on crucial projects like CASA-1000, TAP, TAPI Pipeline, and TUTAP brings renewed hope for Afghanistan’s economic stability and regional integration. These endeavors not only address Afghanistan’s energy needs but also position the country as a key player in the region’s energy landscape. While challenges persist, the commitment to these projects underscores the resilience and determination of Afghanistan and its partners in shaping a prosperous future. As these initiatives progress, they have the potential to transform Afghanistan into a hub of economic growth and connectivity in the heart of Central and South Asia. 

Khalid Iqbal

Khalid Iqbal is a BS student at NUML, Islamabad.

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