A senior Sudanese leader said Friday that his country would likely soon establish ties of some nature with Jerusalem, saying that Khartoum needed Israel and would benefit from relations.
“Israel is developed. The entire world works with Israel. For development, for agriculture — we need Israel,” Sudanese deputy head of state Gen. Mohammad Hamdan Daglo, known popularly as Hemedti, told Sudan24 TV in Juba.
However, Daglo said the ties would fall short of full normalization, out of solidarity with the Palestinians.
“We’re not scared of anyone. But these will be relations, not normalization. Relations, not normalization. Okay? We’re following this line,” Daglo said, without giving a timeframe or specifying what, exactly, the difference between relations and normalization would be.
Daglo’s remarks come against the background of a United States-led efforts to pressure Sudan into normalizing ties with Israel in exchange for a commitment of financial aid and its removal from a US blacklist of state sponsors of terror; its position on the blacklist subjects it to crippling economic sanctions.
If Sudan does establish open relations with Israel, it would become the third country to make an agreement with the Jewish state in the past month. The United Arab Emirates — one of Sudan’s key patrons — and Bahrain signed normalization agreements with Israel in mid-September as part of the US-mediated Abraham Accords.
Israeli officials have long expressed a wish for better relations with Khartoum, the birthplace of the Arab League’s famous 1967 resolution against peace and normalization with Israel. The administration of US President Donald Trump, for its part, has reportedly sought to achieve another foreign policy win before the upcoming presidential elections in November.
Negotiations held in Abu Dhabi last week seeking a breakthrough on normalization seemingly bore little fruit. The Sudanese delegation, led by head of state Gen. Abdel Fattah al-Burhan, called the talks “frank and honest” but did not elaborate on their content.
Daglo is al-Burhan’s deputy — one of the most powerful and feared figures in Sudan. Since 2013, he has commanded a paramilitary group known as the Rapid Support Forces: a coalition of militias known as Janjaweed, who became internationally notorious for their complicity in the genocide in Darfur.
Daglo’s comments, however, could indicate that it is still possible that Sudan might establish open ties with Israel in the coming days. Daglo said that it was clear to the Sudanese leadership that exiting the US State Sponsors of Terror list was conditional on establishing ties with Israel.
“It’s true, the Palestinian cause is important, and we ought to stand with the Palestinian people,” Daglo said, stressing that Sudan was still committed to the establishment of a Palestinian state.
But he suggested that ultimately Sudan would have to think of its own “pockets,” given the difficult economic situation in the country. “Whatever the interest of Sudan is, we shall pursue it,” Daglo vowed.
While declining to call open relations with Israel “normalization,” Daglo told Sudan24 that Sudan would benefit from ties with the Jewish state.
“We’re not talking about normalization. We’re talking about relations. And these are relations from which we will benefit; this will be done with the consent and consultation of all parties,” Daglo said.
The interviewer asked Daglo how he planned to overcome the insistence by civilian government officials, including Sudanese Prime Minister Abdullah Hamdok, that the transitional government did not have a mandate to normalize with Israel.
“There are some political factions which…” the interviewer said, before Daglo interrupted him.
“The political factions aren’t the Sudanese people, right? Let’s do a survey. What’s the problem? We’re for democracy. We’re for a diversity of opinions, no problem. Let’s do a survey,” Daglo said.
Daglo’s comments could indicate a serious split between the military and civilian players in Sudan’s fragile transitional government.
In 2019, millions of Sudanese citizens demonstrated in the streets against the 30-year-long reign of dictator Omar al-Bashir. After months of protest and attempts by security forces to quell the protests, al-Bashir’s government finally collapsed.
In the aftermath, a transitional Sovereignty Council comprising both military veterans and civilian revolutionaries took charge of the country. Al-Burhan is set to lead the council until 2021, when a civilian is expected to take his place.
Al-Burhan’s civilian counterpart, Abdalla Hamdok, has been considerably more hesitant to normalize. Hamdok has repeatedly insisted that his government does not have a mandate to negotiate relations with Israel.
The question of normalization, Hamdok said at a press conference in Khartoum in August, required “a deep discussion [in Sudan’s] society.”